zero-waste recycling method for nickel leaching residue by direct reductionmagnetic separation process and ceramsite preparation | springerlink
In this paper, a novel process for beneficiation of metallic iron from nickel leaching residue and preparation of ceramsite from tailings by direct reductionmagnetic separation process is reported. The optimal conditions for direct reduction process were 1100C roasting temperature, 120min duration, and 30wt.% reductant dosage. The reduced sample was benefited from low-intensity magnetic separation. This process yielded an iron concentrate of 82.32wt.% grade and 78.05wt.% recovery. Hence, this metallic iron could be used as a feedstock for the steel industry. Tailings of the magnetic separation procedure were used to prepare ceramsite. Optimal conditions for preparing ceramsite were: 55% magnetic separation tailings, 20% silica, 15% fly ash, 10% charcoal, a 1150C roasting temperature, and a holding time of 30min. The ceramsite properties met the requirement of CJ/T299-2008 National Standard. These results suggested that developing this solid waste would have environmental and economic benefits.
Qiang Zhao conducted the experimental work and prepared the manuscript; Jilai Xue directed the research work and modified the manuscript; Wen Chen participated in the design of the research work at different stages.
Zhao, Q., Xue, J. & Chen, W. Zero-Waste Recycling Method for Nickel Leaching Residue by Direct ReductionMagnetic Separation Process and Ceramsite Preparation.
Trans Indian Inst Met 72, 10751085 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12666-019-01582-7
paper waste used to make bricks -- sciencedaily
Researchers at the University of Jaen (Spain) have mixed waste from the paper industry with ceramic material used in the construction industry. The result is a brick that has low thermal conductivity meaning it acts as a good insulator. However, its mechanical resistance still requires improvement.
"The use of paper industry waste could bring about economic and environmental benefits as it means that material considered as waste can be reused as raw material." -- This is one of the conclusions of the study developed by researchers at the Upper Polytechnic School of Linares (University of Jaen), which has been published in the journal Fuel Processing Technology.
The scientists collected cellulous waste from a paper factory (recycled waste in this case) along with sludge from the purification of its waste water. In their laboratory they then mixed this material with clay used in construction and passed the mixture through a pressure and extrusion machine to obtain bricks.
"Adding waste means that the end product has low thermal conductivity and is therefore a good insulator," explains Carmen Martnez, researcher at the University of Jaen. "In addition to the resulting benefit of using these bricks instead of their traditional counterparts made of traditional raw materials."
Another of the advantages of adding waste to the brick prototypes is that they provide energy due to their organic material content. This could help to reduce fuel consumption and kiln time required for brick production.
At the moment the prototype's dimensions are small (3 x 1 x 6 cm). But the team has already tested larger bricks and the results are similar. "On the whole, this technique could bring about a saving in energy and raw materials for brick factories along with environmental benefits from the use of waste that is initially discarded," adds Martnez.
The researcher recognises, however, that the 'Achilles heel' of these bricks is their lower mechanical resistance compared to traditional bricks, although this parameter is above the legal minimum. There are still a few problems to solve in the adherence and shaping of those pieces that have high percentages of paper waste.
The team continues in their search for the happy medium between sustainability and material resistance and is still researching the advantages of adding other products, such as sludge from water treatment plants or residues from the beer, olive and biodiesel industries.