reliable toothed roll crusher | fote machinery
Applied material: coal, pebble, perlite, limestone, dolomite, etc. Its outstanding features: high crushing capacity, hadraulic pressure used to adjust the distance between the rollers, and the centralization lubrication on the brearing.
The toothed roller crusher is generally used for the medium and fine crushing for brittle and medium-hard ores, and the size of the crushed product is usually not less than 20mm. Because of its simple structure, easy maintenance, and low price, it is popular to aggregate and coal ores suppliers.
A double toothed crusher with less volume is composed of two toothed rollers which is installed in parallel and rotates in opposite directions. The two-toothed rollers adopt non-meshing and non-constant speed operation to strengthen the degree of occlusion, which ideally prevents the material from slipping thus improving the crushing efficiency.
Generally speaking, materials are crushed in three stages in a double toothed roller crusher. The material enters the crushing chamber by the impact force of the deep tooth gear for the first crushing. The large-block material is cut by the teeth to complete the second crushing, and then being squeezed when they enter the toothed rollers to complete for the third crushing. Finally, the crushed material is discharged from the outlet with the rotation of the toothed roller.
1. The company makes further improvement in the aspects of feed particle size, rotor diameter, rotor channel, etc., so that this series of products can adjust the corresponding rotor structure and the corresponding speed according to different materials and feed grain levels to cooperate, and can achieve higher production volume and higher fineness modulus.
In recent years, with the transformation and upgrading of the coal industry, the requirements for coal development efficiency and environmental protection are increasing day by day. In the field of coal chemical industry, the requirements for product particle size are extremely strict, and generally the particle size is between 25 mm and 70 mm.
If the particle size is too large, the crusher chamber will be blocked, and downstream processing cannot be carried out. The toothed roll crusher is currently used in coal crushing because of its large processing capacity, low fine powder producing rate.
The crusher teeth are composed of big and small tooth phase interval, which can effectively improve the meshing capacity gear roller with the ensure of ideal particle size. Strong meshing capacity can improve the equipment processing capacity, reduce the tooth roller wear, prolong the tooth plate service life.
The connection between tooth plate and tooth roller base is made by screw fastening block, which not only guarantees the connection strength, but also has good interchangeability and replaceability.
Carbon bainite wear - resistant cast steel is used as the material of the tooth plate. The wear resistance of this material is about 40% higher than that of 40Cr surface-welded wear resistant layer. In addition, the whole tooth roller structure, including tooth plate, tooth roller seat, thread fastening block makes strength and hardness of each component more balanced and reasonable.
Besides, the motor is equipped with an electric heating system, and the hydraulic coupler and reducer are made of low temperature synthetic oil which ensures the transmission system smooth operation in the low temperature even with minus 30 .
The Indian customers coal mine adopts the single-bucket truck with semi-continuous mining process, and the raw coal has large grain size, gangue with great hardness. In the original production line, he firstly crushed the material to less than 300mm, then crushed them to less than 70mm by a ring hammer crusher. The crushed material with 70mm was transported to the coal storage bunker by conveyor belt for screening to final products of 25 ~ 70mm.
Technical improvement is urgently needed in order to reduce the operation cost and labor intensity of workers, and ensure the normal operation of the production system. So, the user finally chose Fote toothed roll crusher to replace the original ring hammer crusher.
After the double toothed roller crusher is put into use, the equipment runs stably, and the output particle size of the product has been improved obviously. The comparison shows that there is a 18.2% difference between the qualified products before and after the equipment replacement, which greatly increases the output of the qualified products and creates great economic benefits for the enterprise.
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coal crushing: new-type toothed roll crusher vs traditional toothed roll crusher | hxjq
In the coal industry, the requirements for the particle size of the finished product are extremely strict. Generally, the particle sizes of the finished products are between 25 and 70 mm. If it is too large, the furnace will be blocked and further coal processing can't be performed.
Toothed roll crusher is the mature coal crushing equipment applied in the current coal industry, which satisfies all the demands of customers by its advantages of large capacity and low over-crushing rate.
Based on the original toothed roll crushers, HXJQ Mining Machinery has optimized the structure and materials of rollers according to the customers' requirements, so that to adapt the nature of hard gangue and special working conditions and ensure the normal production of coal enterprises.
Traditional toothed roll crusher is usually driven by double-motors. Two sets of motors, couplers and reducers are adopted to drive the independent rollers so that the rollers have the power to crush large coal materials.
The coupler is applied between reducer and rolls to transfer torque. And the toothed rollers and drive system are connected with the machine frame respectively to eliminate the vibrating of toothed roll crusher.
Traditional toothed roll crusher with ring structure has the advantages of stable and reliable performance, and the disadvantages of low wear resistance and hard to replace. Once the traditional toothed roll crusher is damaged, it must be returned to the factory for overhaul.
The traditional rollers are connected by the bolts and tooth-holders, which offers small bearing capacity. Therefore, the traditional toothed roll crushers are mainly applied in the clean-coal crushing process, because the raw coal will cause damage to roll crusher teeth.
In terms of tooth position, the roll crusher teeth are set in the peripheral direction, adopting the setting form of large tooth alternating with a small one. Under the premise of normal discharging size, the crushing force of roller can be improved efficiently, so that to increase the capacity, wear-resistance and service life.
As the picture shows, the new-type tooth-holder adopts the form of regular octagon. The toothed rollers and toothed holders are connected by the flat kay and socket head cap screws (the traditional ones are connected by bolts).
The contacted areas between tooth and toothed holders are processed and improved completely, and torque is transferred by flat key so that can prevent the socket head cap screws from the shearing force of coal materials. And the screws can be firmer and more reliable.
Meanwhile, the fastening bolt and the toothed roller holder are connected by the screw fastening blocks, which makes that the joint strength is ensured, and the interchangeability and the replaceability are also reliable.
The teeth are the main wearing parts of the toothed roll crusher, so it is very necessary to choose a suitable material. Therefore, it is required that the material should have enough hardness, toughness, impact resistance and wear resistance. Also, the following machinability and weldability should be considered.
When parts of high manganese steel are impacted repeatedly, the surface of parts gets changed, and the hardness increases rapidly, which can reach up to HRC54. It will improve the wear resistance significantly, but the inside of parts keeps flexibly. These are the main features of high manganese steel.
However, the toothed roll crushers crush coal materials by shearing and stretching, along with less impacting and squeezing, which makes high manganese steel can't play its advantages to enhance the hardness and strength. Therefore, high manganese steel is not suitable for making teeth.
To better improve the wear-resisting performance of teeth, traditional toothed roll crusher always adopts the low-alloy quenched and tempered steel as the material to make tooth of roll crushers. In general, 40 Cr is used to process the tooth. After processing, the compressive strength and the service life of tooth are improved.
However, since there are only a few millimeters thick wear-resisting layer in the surface of the tooth, it is required to be overlaid frequently in the process of use, which brings a large workload to workers.
The teeth of the new toothed roll crusher adopt the integral casting molding process, optimizes the proportion of the main elements such as C, Cr, Mn, Mo, Si, Ni. The medium carbon bainitic steel is selected finally to be the material of toothed roll.
The medium carbon bainitic steel has good hardenability. After quenching and tempering heat treatment, bainite with high hardness and wear resistance is processed. It has an excellent comprehensive performance of HRC50 hardness and compressive strength of 1500 MPa.
In addition, the material of the entire toothed roller structure, including the toothed roller, the toothed roller holder and the threaded fastening block, is reasonably matched, so that the strength and hardness of each component are more balanced and reasonable.
The raw coal is first crushed to below 300mm by the jaw crusher, and then crushed to below 70mm by a toothed roller crusher, and then transported to the coal storage bin by the belt conveyor. After screening, the final product of 25~70mm is sold to the chemical company.
The customer said it requires technical improvement urgently in their worksite urgently to reduce the operating cost of the enterprise and the labor intensity of the workers and to ensure the normal operation of the production system.
Since the new toothed roller crusher was put into use, the equipment has been running stably, the discharge size of the products is significantly improved, the over-crushing rate reduces, and the block-forming rate is highly increased (see the following table).
It can be seen from the above table that the difference between the qualified products before and after the replacement is 18.2%, which greatly improves the output of qualified products and creates great economic benefits for the enterprise.
In addition, the new toothed roller crusher has high wear resistance, and the fastening bolt is not easy to loosen, which reduces a large amount of maintenance time, the labor intensity of workers, and the maintenance cost of the coal crushing process.
With the transformation and upgrading of the coal industry, it is an inevitable trend to vigorously develop coal chemical industry. The coal chemical industry has strict requirements on the particle size of coal, which puts higher requirements on the crushing equipment.
The new toothed roller crusher can optimize the crushing operation of the raw coal by a series of optimizations on the structure and material of the toothed roller. It has a high block rate and a small maintenance amount. With the obvious technical advantages, the promotion prospects of new-type toothed roll crusher are broad.