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the most valuable things you need to know about gypsum | fote machinery

the most valuable things you need to know about gypsum | fote machinery

The general term gypsum refers to two minerals, raw gypsum and anhydrite. Raw gypsum is calcium dihydrate (Ca [SO4] 2H2O), also known as dihydrate gypsum or plaster. Anhydrite is anhydrous calcium sulfate.

It is a very important industrial raw material that is widely used in construction, building materials, industrial and artistic models, chemical industry (sulfuric acid production, paper filler, paint filler), agriculture, food processing, pharmaceutical, and many other industries and applications.

The plaster of Paris (also known as hemihydrate gypsum), divided into -type gypsum powder and -type gypsum powder, is formed from gypsum raw materials by heating at a high temperature of 105-200 .

The -type gypsum powder has good crystallinity and solidity, so it can be used in ceramic molds, sculptures, gypsum lines and high-end buildings. The -type gypsum powder is mainly used for mortar levelling, gypsum board production, painting, etc.

Gypsum powder can be used as Portland cement retarder in the concrete industry. In agriculture, because gypsum powder is alkaline, it is possible to sprinkle it into the acidic soil to integrate the ph value of the soil so as to make use of a lot of lands.

In the pharmaceutical industry, gypsum is the main medicine in the famous Chinese medicine " Baihu Tang ", which has a good effect in treating acute high fever and thirsty irritable. In addition, dentists use plaster to make models of gums, and surgeons also use plaster to repair the fractures.

Is gypsum harmful to humans? Is gypsum powder safe to eat? Will gypsum kill plants? Here is a video about how gypsum is used, including its uses in toiletries, food additive, fertilizer, chalks, etc. It also shows the process of gypsum.

In recent years, the gypsum industry has developed rapidly. Gypsum building materials are increasingly welcomed by the market and recognized by society with their applications becoming more and more widespread.

According to the US mining forecast, the world's gypsum demand will increase at a rate of 2.5% in the next few years. It is estimated that the world's gypsum demand will reach 300 million tons in 2030. The total annual consumption of the gypsum board will reach 2.04 billion square meters.

With the increase in the market demand for gypsum powder, the requirements for its production technology are getting higher and higher, so the price has risen accordingly. The price of gypsum powder is generally calculated in tons.

Its price varies with its accuracy and use. The price of gypsum powder is between $ 28.8-$ 403.6 per ton according to its whiteness and fineness. The cooked gypsum powder is about $ 28.8-$ 158.6 per ton, the cooking gypsum is about $ 72.1-$ 317.2 per ton, and the refined gypsum powder is about $ 201.8-$ 720.8 per ton.

1. The ex-factory price of Australian recycled gypsum is $ 35.00 per ton, plus $ 25 per ton freight, which is $ 60.00 per ton at the farm gate, and $ 10.00 per ton to spread. Its purity is measured at 17% S wet weight. Total cost of gypsum supply and application per ton of pure CaSO4.2H20 = (35+25+10) 18.6 17 = $ 76.59 per ton.

2. The ex-factory price of gypsum mined in New South Wales is $ 15 per ton, plus $ 40.00 per ton freight, which is $ 60.00 per ton at the farm gate, and $ 11.00 per ton to spread. Its purity is measured at 15% S wet weight. Total cost of gypsum supply and application per ton of pure CaSO4.2H20 = (15+40+11) 18.6 15 = $ 81.84 per ton.

The world's major gypsum producing countries are the United States, Iran, China, Brazil, Canada, Mexico, Spain, Thailand, etc. The United States, Brazil, China, and Canada are rich in gypsum resources.

The largest consumption area of gypsum is the building decoration material industry, which is mainly used to manufacture gypsum boards for construction and decoration. In many countries, the manufacture of slabs accounts for more than 80% of gypsum consumption.

The mining technology of gypsum ore is divided into two categories: the mining of fibrous gypsum ore and the mining of alabaster, ordinary gypsum and anhydrite mines. Due to the difference in physical and mechanical properties of the ore and surrounding rock, the mining technology of these two kinds of gypsum mines is very different.

Fibrous gypsum has low hardness and its rock consolidating coefficient is 1.2 for parallel fibrous gypsum and 1.5 for vertical fibrous gypsum. Because it is brittle, it will easily become fine ore to be lost. Due to the high price of the ore, most fibrous gypsum mines adopt the longwall method, selective mining and filling method.

The mining techniques of alabaster mine, ordinary gypsum mine and anhydrite mine are similar. The room and pillar mining method (generally 8-12 m in width) and breasting method are adopted. The drilling of gypsum ore is easy, but the explosive consumption is large, generally 0.34 kg/t.

The roller drilling rig is modern new drilling equipment. It is suitable for drilling operations of various hardness of minerals and rocks with the characteristics of high perforation efficiency, low operating cost, high mechanization and automation. At present, it has become a widely used perforation equipment in open-pit mines all over the world.

The excavator is composed of the power plant, working device, swing mechanism, control mechanism, transmission system, moving mechanism, auxiliary equipment, etc. The excavator can also perform pouring, lifting, installation, piling, ramming, and pile pulling operations after changing its working device.

After sieving with the vibrating screen equipment, the finished material conforming to the size is sent to the finished product area, while the large material is returned to the crusher for being crushed again until it meets the required size.

The common gypsum crushing equipment is the jaw crusher with a crushing ratio of 4-6. The jaw crusher, which is often used as the primary gypsum crushing equipment, can crush large pieces of gypsum into 150 mm particle size.

If the gypsum crushed by the jaw crusher cannot meet the particle size requirements, secondary gypsum crushing equipment such as cone crushers, hammer crushers, and impact crushers can be equipped to carry out further medium and fine crushing of gypsum. Specific equipment should be configured depends on the actual needs of the customer.

The crushed gypsum is sent to a ball mill for grinding until 90% of it is less than 149 m (100 mesh). The ground gypsum powder leaves the mill in the form of airflow and is collected in the cyclone separator.

The ball mill is mainly a machine for dry or wet grinding of the crushed gypsum. The machine is mainly used for repeated grinding of the raw materials in the barrel through the steel ball medium in the ball mill to complete the ball grinding operation.

The cyclone separator is suitable for purifying non-viscous, non-fibrous dry dust larger than 1-3 microns. It is purification equipment with simple structure, convenient operation, high-temperature resistance and low equipment cost.

Under the design pressure and air volume conditions, solid particles 10 m can be removed. At the operating point, the separation efficiency is 99%, and within 15% of the operating point, the separation efficiency is 97%. Under normal working conditions, the pressure drop of a single cyclone separator at the operating point is not greater than 0.05 MPa.

The gypsum material is lifted by an elevator and transported into the top silo of the rotary kiln preheater. Then, the gypsum material is evenly distributed into rooms of the preheater through the feeding pipe.

In the preheater, gypsum is heated to about 900 C by the flue gas of the roasting kiln at 1150 C, and about 30% of it is decomposed. Then, it is pushed into the rotary kiln by a hydraulic push rod, and -type hemihydrate gypsum (180240 ), anhydrous gypsum (350 ) and overfired gypsum (450700 ) can be produced.

The gypsum produced after calcining and decomposing in the rotary kiln is sent to the cooler to be cooled to below 100 C by the cold air blown in the cooler and discharged. The gypsum from the cooler is sent to the product warehouse via a vibrating feeder, bucket elevator, and belt conveyor.

Gypsum rotary kiln is a kind of thermal equipment for calcining gypsum. Its appearance and shape are similar to lime rotary kiln and cement rotary kiln. Its main structure includes kiln head, kiln tail sealing device, rotary cylinder, supporting device, back-up roll device, etc.

The finished gypsum clinker calcined in the gypsum rotary kiln produced by Fote has the characteristics of high taste, high purity, easy to control during the production process, high mixing degree of raw materials, uniform raw meal composition, high strength grade of the clinker, with less dust in the grinding process, less fly ash in the calcining process and reasonable price.

The large demand and wide application of gypsum powder have stimulated the prosperity of many industries and fields, so the production of high-quality gypsum powder is the general trend of the gypsum powder industry in the future.

Fote Heavy Machinery, as one of the three major mining machinery manufacturers in China, has 38 years of experience. We are always ready to provide you with high-quality milling equipment and the best service.

As a leading mining machinery manufacturer and exporter in China, we are always here to provide you with high quality products and better services. Welcome to contact us through one of the following ways or visit our company and factories.

Based on the high quality and complete after-sales service, our products have been exported to more than 120 countries and regions. Fote Machinery has been the choice of more than 200,000 customers.

what are the types of gypsum ore and their properties? | fote machinery

what are the types of gypsum ore and their properties? | fote machinery

fibrous plaster, giant-pegmatite gypsum, gypsum, argillaceous (clay) gypsum, carbonate gypsum, anhydrite-gypsum, argillaceous (clay) anhydrite-gypsum, carbonate anhydrite-gypsum, gypsum-anhydrite, argillaceous (clay) gypsum-anhydrite, carbonate gypsum-anhydrite, anhydrite, argillaceous (clay) anhydrite and carbonate anhydrite.

Fibrous plaster is milky white or wax yellow, with a fibrous structure. It's often in the form of veins, nets, lenses or thin interlayers together with gypsum and anhydrite layers. The blue-gray giant-pegmatite gypsum ore is mainly composed of crystal clusters, granular gypsum and clay minerals.

Gypsum (or common) ore is white, green, gray or light yellow. It is massive and granular structure. Its main minerals include dihydrate, a small amount of anhydrite (the sum of the two is over 85%), and a small amount of dolomite, calcite and clay minerals.

The argillaceous (clay) gypsum ore is gray, blue-gray, gray-black, with the main minerals including gypsum, anhydrite, montmorillonite, hydromica, dolomite, calcite, quartz, organic matter and asphalt. It has the tabular, fibrous, granular crystalloblastic texture, or earthy, massive, lamellar, star structure.

Anhydrite ore is dense and hard with the color of white, gray or light blue. The main minerals are anhydrite, gypsum (the sum of the two is greater than 85%), a small amount of montmorillonite, hydromica, dolomite, calcite and celestine. It has the granular, scaly, fibrous crystalloblastic texture, or crumby, lamellar, porphyritic, brecciated-vein structure.

As a leading mining machinery manufacturer and exporter in China, we are always here to provide you with high quality products and better services. Welcome to contact us through one of the following ways or visit our company and factories.

Based on the high quality and complete after-sales service, our products have been exported to more than 120 countries and regions. Fote Machinery has been the choice of more than 200,000 customers.

construction and demolition waste: disposal management problems and recycling solutions | fote machinery

construction and demolition waste: disposal management problems and recycling solutions | fote machinery

The construction and demolition waste is produced in the building activities of the construction industry, such as demolition, construction, decoration, and repair. C&D materials often contain complex compositions such as concrete, asphalt concrete, metals, bricks, glass, plastics, etc.

As more and more countries pay more attention to people's well-being, infrastructure construction develops fast, producing many new buildings or roads while demolishing many old houses. The rapid growth of infrastructure construction causes continuously increased construction and demolition waste.

Although industry waste landfill is the place to put various solid industrial waste, it is mainly used for construction and demolition waste disposal. To save costs and not to complicate matters, many people often directly bury construction waste in landfills.

On the one hand, due to the general upward trend in urban land prices, the cost of landfilling has increased. On the other hand, the advancement of the urbanization rate has caused a shortage of urban land, shrinking the overall supply of infrastructure land and limiting the landfills.

Incineration has become another option for the disposal of construction and demolition waste. However, waste incineration not only produces organic pollutants and toxic gases such as dioxins, carbides, nitrides, and sulfides but remains solid residues such as combustion fly ash and slag.

Recently, governments have begun to launch regulations about environmental protection and encouraged people to turn construction and demolition waste into new-type aggregate by recycling machines like mobile or portable rock crushers.

Screening. This part mainly involves the iron removal operation of the finished construction waste after the crusher treatment and re-processing the materials that don't meet the production requirements.

With the people's environmental awareness and the government's guidance, the application of resource-based products will have a broad market. The management of construction waste will be smoother, and our environment will be more beautiful.

Asphalt made by combining a binding material (called a bitumen) with an aggregate becomes sticky at high temperatures, and coupled with the limitations of previous technologies, people usually think that waste asphalt is worthless.

The cost benefits of asphalt recycling are expected to provide a profit or savings potential of $30.00 to $80.00/ton. Naturally, product quality depends on the combination of ingredients used in the recycling and production process.

Gypsum possesses many attributes making it an attractive construction material. Plaster and gypsum board recycling can not only solve the shortage of resources, but also save a lot of costs and improve resource utilization.

As a leading mining machinery manufacturer and exporter in China, we are always here to provide you with high quality products and better services. Welcome to contact us through one of the following ways or visit our company and factories.

Based on the high quality and complete after-sales service, our products have been exported to more than 120 countries and regions. Fote Machinery has been the choice of more than 200,000 customers.

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