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jaw crusher working principle

jaw crusher working principle

A sectional view of the single-toggle type of jaw crusher is shown below.In one respect, the working principle and application of this machine are similar to all types of rock crushers, the movable jaw has its maximum movement at the top of the crushing chamber, and minimum movement at the discharge point. The motion is, however, a more complex one than the Dodge motion, being the resultant of the circular motion of the eccentric shaft at the top of the swing jaw. combined with the rocking action of the inclined toggle plate at the bottom of this jaw. The motion at the receiving opening is elliptical; at the discharge opening, it is a thin crescent, whose chord is inclined upwardly toward the stationary jaw. Thus, at all points in the crushing chamber, the motion has both, vertical and horizontal, components.

It will be noted that the motion is a rocking one. When the swing jaw is rising, it is opening, at the top, during the first half of the stroke, and closing during the second half, whereas the bottom of the jaw is closing during the entire up-stroke. A reversal of this motion occurs during the downstroke of the eccentric.

The horizontal component of motion (throw) at the discharge point of the single-toggle jaw crusher is greater than the throw of the Dodge crusher at that point; in fact, it is about three-fourths that of Blake machines of similar short-side receiving-opening dimensions. The combination of favorable crushing angle, and nonchoking jaw plates, used in this machine, promotes a much freer action through the choke zone than that in the Dodge crusher. Capacities compare very favorably with comparable sizes of the Blake machine with non-choking plates, and permissible discharge settings are finer. A table of ratings is given.

The single-toggle type jaw crusher has been developed extensively. Because of its simplicity, lightweight, moderate cost, and good capacity, it has found quite a wide field of application in portable crushing rigs. It also fits into the small, single-stage mining operation much better than the slower Dodge type. Some years since this type was developed with very wide openings for reduction crushing applications, but it was not able to seriously challenge the gyratory in this field, especially when the high-speed modern versions of the latter type were introduced.

Due to the pronounced vertical components of motion in the single-toggle machine, it is obvious that a wiping action takes place during the closing strokes; either, the swing jaw must slip on the material, or the material must slip along the stationary jaw. It is inevitable that such action should result in accelerated wear of the jaw plates; consequently, the single-toggle crusher is not an economical machine for reducing highly abrasive, or very hard, tough rock. Moreover, the large motion at the receiving opening greatly accentuates shocks incidental to handling the latter class of material, and the full impact of these shocks must be absorbed by the bearings in the top of the swing jaw.

The single-toggle machine, like the Dodge type, is capable of making a high ratio-of-reduction, a faculty which enables it to perform a single-stage reduction of hand-loaded, mine run ore to a suitable ball mill, or rod mill, feed.

Within the limits of its capacity, and size of receiving openings, it is admirably suited for such operations. Small gravel plant operations are also suited to this type of crusher, although it should not be used where the gravel deposit contains extremely hard boulders. The crusher is easy to adjust, and, in common with most machines of the jaw type, is a simple crusher to maintain.

As rock particles are compressed between the inclined faces of the mantle and concaves there is a tendency for them to slip upward. Slippage occurs in all crushers, even in ideal conditions. Only the particles weight and the friction between it and the crusher surfaces counteract this tendency. In particular, very hard rock tends to slip upward rather than break. Choke feeding this kind of material can overload the motor, leaving no option but to regulate the feed. Smaller particles, which weigh less, and harder particles, which are more resistant to breakage, will tend to slip more. Anything that reduces friction, such as spray water or feed moisture, will promote slippage.

Leading is a technique for measuring the gap between fixed and moveable jaws. The procedure is performed while the crusher is running empty. A lead plug is lowered on a lanyard to the choke point, then removed and measured to find out how much thickness remains after the crusher has compressed it. This measures the closed side setting. The open side setting is equal to this measurement plus the throw of the mantle. The minimum safe closed side setting depends on:

Blake (Double Toggle) Originally the standard jaw crusher used for primary and secondary crushing of hard, tough abrasive rocks. Also for sticky feeds. Relatively coarse slabby product, with minimum fines.

Overhead Pivot (Double Toggle) Similar applications to Blake. Overhead pivot; reduces rubbing on crusher faces, reduces choking, allows higher speeds and therefore higher capacities. Energy efficiency higher because jaw and charge not lifted during cycle.

Overhead Eccentric (Single Toggle) Originally restricted to sampler sizes by structural limitations. Now in the same size of Blake which it has tended to supersede, because overhead eccentric encourages feed and discharge, allowing higher speeds and capacity, but with higher wear and more attrition breakage and slightly lower energy efficiency. In addition as compared to an equivalent double toggle, they are cheaper and take up less floor space.

Since the jaw crusher was pioneered by Eli Whitney Blake in the 2nd quarter of the 1800s, many have twisted the Patent and come up with other types of jaw crushers in hopes of crushing rocks and stones more effectively. Those other types of jaw crusher inventors having given birth to 3 groups:

Heavy-duty crushing applications of hard-to-break, high Work Index rocks do prefer double-toggle jaw crushers as they are heavier in fabrication. A double-toggle jaw crusher outweighs the single-toggle by a factor of 2X and well as costs more in capital for the same duty. To perform its trade-off evaluation, the engineering and design firm will analyze technical factors such as:

1. Proper selection of the jaws. 2. Proper feed gradation. 3. Controlled feed rate. 4. Sufficient feeder capacity and width. 5. Adequate crusher discharge area. 6. Discharge conveyor sized to convey maximum crusher capacity.

Although the image below is of a single-toggle, it illustrates the shims used to make minor setting changes are made to the crusher by adding or removing them in the small space between the crushers mainframe and the rea toggle block.

The jaw crusher discharge opening is the distance from the valley between corrugations on one jaw to the top of the mating corrugation on the other jaw. The crusher discharge opening governs the size of finished material produced by the crusher.

Crusher must be adjusted when empty and stopped. Never close crusher discharge opening to less than minimum opening. Closing crusher opening to less than recommended will reduce the capacity of crusher and cause premature failure of shaft and bearing assembly.

To compensate for wear on toggle plate, toggle seat, pitman toggle seat, and jaws additional shims must be inserted to maintain the same crusher opening. The setting adjustment system is designed to compensate for jaw plate wear and to change the CSS (closed side setting) of the jaw crusher. The setting adjustment system is built into the back frame end.

Here also the toggle is kept in place by a compression spring. Large CSS adjustments are made to the jaw crusher by modifying the length of the toggle. Again, shims allow for minor gap adjustments as they are inserted between the mainframe and the toggle block.

is done considering the maximum rock-lump or large stone expected to be crushed and also includes the TPH tonnage rate needing to be crushed. In sizing, we not that jaw crushers will only have around 75% availability and extra sizing should permit this downtime.

As a rule, the maximum stone-lump dimension need not exceed 80% of the jaw crushers gape. For intense, a 59 x 79 machine should not see rocks larger than 80 x 59/100 = 47 or 1.2 meters across. Miners being miners, it is a certainty during day-to-day operation, the crusher will see oversized ore but is should be fine and pass-thru if no bridging takes place.

It will be seen that the pitman (226) is suspended from an eccentric on the flywheel shaft and consequently moves up and down as the latter revolves, forcing the toggle plates outwards at each revolution. The seating (234) of the rear toggle plate (239) is fixed to the crusher frame; the bottom of the swing jaw (214) is therefore pushed forward each time the pitman rises, a tension rod (245) fitted with a spring (247) being used to bring it back as the pitman falls. Thus at each revolution of the flywheel the movable jaw crushes any lump of ore once against the stationary jaw (212) allowing it to fall as it swings back on the return half-stroke until eventually the pieces have been broken small enough to drop out. It follows that the size to which the ore is crushed.

The jaw crusher is not so efficient a machine as the gyratory crusher described in the next paragraph, the chief reason for this being that its crushing action is confined to the forward stroke of the jaw only, whereas the gyratory crusher does useful work during the whole of its revolution. In addition, the jaw crusher cannot be choke-fed, as can the other machine, with the result that it is difficult to keep it working at its full capacity that is, at maximum efficiency.

Tables 5 and 6 give particulars of different sizes of jaw crushers. The capacity figures are based on ore weighing 100 lb. per cubic foot; for a heavier ore, the figures should be increased in direct proportion to its weight in pounds per cubic foot.

The JAW crusher and the GYRATORY crusher have similarities that put them into the same class of crusher. They both have the same crushing speed, 100 to 200 R.P.M. They both break the ore by compression force. And lastly, they both are able to crush the same size of ore.

In spite of their similarities, each crusher design has its own limitations and advantages that differ from the other one. A Gyratory crusher can be fed from two sides and is able to handle ore that tends to slab. Its design allows a higher-speed motor with a higher reduction ratio between the motor and the crushing surface. This means a dollar saving in energy costs.

A Jaw crusher on the other hand requires an Ely wheel to store energy. The box frame construction of this type of crusher also allows it to handle tougher ore. This design restricts the feeding of the crusher to one side only.

The ore enters from the top and the swing jaw squeezes it against the stationary jaw until it breaks. The broken ore then falls through the crusher to be taken away by a conveyor that is under the crusher.Although the jaws do the work, the real heart of this crusher is the TOGGLE PLATES, the PITMAN, and the PLY WHEEL.

These jaw crushers are ideal forsmall properties and they are of the high capacity forced feed design.On this first Forced Feed Jaw Crusher, the mainframe and bumper are cast of special alloy iron and the initial cost is low. The frame is ribbed both vertically and horizontally to give maximum strength with minimum weight. The bumper is ruggedly constructed to withstand tremendous shock loads. Steel bumper can be furnished if desired. The side bearings are bronze; the bumper bearings are of the antifriction type.

This bearing arrangement adds both strength and ease of movement. The jaw plates and cheek plates are reversible and are of the best-grade manganese steel. The jaw opening is controlled by the position of an adjustable wedge block. The crusher is usually driven by a V-to-V belt drive, but it can be arranged for either V-to-flat or fiat belt drive. The 8x10 size utilizes a split frame and maybe packed for muleback transportation. Cast steel frames can be furnished to obtain maximum durability.

This second type of forced feed rock crusher is similar in design to the Type H listed above except for having a frame and bumper made of cast steel. This steel construction makes the unit lighter per unit of size and adds considerable strength. The bearings are all of the special design; they are bronze and will stand continuous service without any danger of failure. The jaw and cheek plates are manganese steel; and are completely reversible, thus adding to their wearing life. The jaw opening is controlled by the position of an adjustable wedge block. The crushers are usually driven by V-to-V but can be arranged for V-to-flat and belt drive. The 5x6 size and the 8x10 size can be made with sectionalized frame for muleback transportation. This crusher is ideal for strenuous conditions. Consider a multi jaw crusher.

Some jaw crushers are on-floor, some aboveground, and others underground. This in many countries, and crushing many kinds of ore. The Traylor Bulldog Jaw crusher has enjoyed world wide esteem as a hard-working, profit-producing, full-proof, and trouble-free breaker since the day of its introduction, nearly twenty years ago. To be modern and get the most out of your crushing dollars, youll need the Building breaker. Wed value the privilege of telling you why by letter, through our bulletins, or in person. Write us now today -for a Blake crusher with curved jaw plates that crush finer and step up production.

When a machine has such a reputation for excellence that buyers have confidence in its ability to justify its purchase, IT MUST BE GOOD! Take the Type G Traylor Jaw Crusher, for instance. The engineers and operators of many great mining companies know from satisfying experience that this machine delivers a full measure of service and yields extra profits. So they specify it in full confidence and the purchase is made without the usual reluctance to lay out good money for a new machine.

The success of the Type G Traylor Jaw Crusheris due to several characteristics. It is (1) STRONG almost to superfluity, being built of steel throughout; it is (2) FOOL-PROOF, being provided with our patented Safety Device which prevents breakage due to tramp iron or other causes of jamming; it is (3) ECONOMICAL to operate and maintain, being fitted with our well-known patented Bulldog Pitman and Toggle System, which saves power and wear by minimizing frictionpower that is employed to deliver increased production; it is (4) CONVENIENT to transport and erect in crowded or not easily accessible locations because it is sectionalized to meet highly restrictive conditions.

Whenever mining men need a crusher that is thoroughly reliable and big producer (which is of all time) they almost invariably think first of a Traylor Type G Jaw Crusher. By experience, they know that this machine has built into it the four essentials to satisfaction and profit- strength, foolproofness, economy, and convenience.

Maximum STRENGTH lies in the liberal design and the steel of which crushers parts are made-cast steel frame, Swing Jaw, Pitman Cap and Toggles, steel Shafts and Pitman rods and manganese steel Jaw Plates and Cheek Plates. FOOLPROOFNESS is provided by our patented and time-tested safety Device which prevents breakage due to packing or tramp iron. ECONOMY is assured by our well-known Bulldog Pitman and Toggle System, which saves power and wear by minimizing friction, the power that is used to deliver greater productivity. CONVENIENCE in transportation and erection in crowded or not easily accessible locations is planned for in advance by sectionalisation to meet any restrictive conditions.

Many of the worlds greatest mining companies have standardized upon the Traylor Type G Jaw Crusher. Most of them have reordered, some of them several times. What this crusher is doing for them in the way of earning extra dollars through increased production and lowered costs, it will do for you! Investigate it closely. The more closely you do, the better youll like it.

impact crusher working principle plant - best stone crusher plant solution from henan dewo

impact crusher working principle plant - best stone crusher plant solution from henan dewo

Dewo machinery can provides complete set of crushing and screening line, including Hydraulic Cone Crusher, Jaw Crusher, Impact Crusher, Vertical Shaft Impact Crusher (Sand Making Machine), fixed and movable rock crushing line, but also provides turnkey project for cement production line, ore beneficiation production line and drying production line. Dewo Machinery can provide high quality products, as well as customized optimized technical proposal and one station after- sales service.

Impact Crusher Principle And Performance. Necessary work in metallurgy, creating supplies, chemical substances, coal as well as other industrial sectors of the material is broken, broken by the kinetic power of the device implies that kinetic power is generated, after which via gearing transfer energy towards the grinding of raw components by compression, shear, friction like the role of ...

Impact Crusher Working Principle In the working process of the machine, the rotor rotates at a high speed driven by the motor. When materials enter the crushing chamber, they will be impacted and crushed by the blow bar on the rapidly turning rotor, and then thrown to the impact plate for a secondary breaking, finally rebounded back to the ...

Application of PF impact crusher. It can handle a variety of particle size not greater than 500 mm, the compressive strength of not more than 350mpa coarse, medium and fine materials (granite, limestone, concrete, etc.), the material needs to be adjusted in accordance with the hammer and back plates are integral parts between the granularity of user The gap reached, widely used raw highway ...

Working Principle of Portable Impact Crushing Plant All the units are erected on the track and formed one independent working unit, it can quickly move to pointed site, easily set-up to handle different products. Mobile Impact Crusher provides a new field of business opportunities for contractors, quarry operators, recycling and mining ...

Hammer Crusher Working Principle Hammermill crusher mainly rely on impact energy to complete the crushing of materials. When the hammer mill rock crusher works, the motor drives the rotor to rotate at high speed, and the material enters the crusher cavity evenly.

Dec 25, 2014 The Working Principle Of A Jaw Crusher. by Edward Smith 25/12/2014 | 1:53 Posted in Industrial Equipment . One of the most commonly used crushing machine is the jaw crusher. It is a heavy-duty machine that is generally used for crushing different kinds of raw materials into smaller pieces.

how does different stone crusher work?

how does different stone crusher work?

In the process of mineral processing, the operation of reducing the particle size to 20-5mm is called crushing, and the corresponding equipment is stone crusher. Commonly used stone crushing equipment are: jaw crusher, cone crusher, impact crusher, roller crusher, hammer crusher, etc.

The cone crusher can be divided into three types: coarse crushing, medium crushing and fine crushing according to its particle size range. It has the characteristics of large crushing ratio, uniform product size, high production efficiency, low energy consumption and easy adjustment of the discharge port.

The impact crusher has the characteristics of large crushing ratio, high crushing efficiency, low power consumption, less over crushing phenomenon, strong adaptability, small equipment volume, light weight, simple structure, easy manufacturing, convenient maintenance and so on. It is mainly used as medium and fine crushing equipment for various materials, and also as coarse crushing equipment.

The new type of sand making machine adopts modular structure design, which can be exchanged instantly. When processing materials, different crushing principles can be selected according to the properties of materials and the requirements of materials. There are two crushing forms of stone or stone iron, which can crush materials on demand.

Roller crusher can be divided into single roller, double roller, three roller and four roller according to the number of rollers. It has the characteristics of simple and compact structure, reliable operation, low cost, convenient adjustment of crushing particle size ratio and less over crushing particle size. Mainly used for medium and fine crushing of brittle and tough materials.

The composite crusher rotor adopts a new design structure, adopts the impact crusher steel disc structure and the hammer crusher's hammer disc staggered arrangement structure, and its structural design effectively enhances the crushing performance and improves the production efficiency of the equipment.

The material falls vertically from the upper part of the machine into the high-speed rotating impeller. Under the action of high-speed centrifugal force, it will shunt with another part in an umbrella form around the impeller to produce high-speed impact and crushing. After the materials collide with each other, they will be The material between the casings is crushed by multiple collisions and frictions formed by the eddy current between the materials, and is discharged directly from the lower part to form a closed circuit for multiple cycles. The screening equipment controls to reach the required finished product particle size.

Hammer crusher is similar to impact crusher in structure. It is mainly used for crushing medium hard and weak abrasive materials, such as limestone, coal, asbestos, cement clinker, metal slag, feed, etc.

aggregate crushing plant-high safety high efficiency stable performance

aggregate crushing plant-high safety high efficiency stable performance

As a result of the great development of the basic construction and the reconstruction of the towns and the rapid rise of the high-rise buildings, the old-style buildings die out, and the waste of the construction wastes is directly buried without treatment, Then it will cause long-lasting harm to our living environment. Crusher plant can deal with construction wastes well.

Our company, a professional construction machinery manufacturer in China, provides top quality crushing plant, asphalt plant, concrete batching plant for sale. If you are interested, just contact with us now!

Compared with the mobile crushing plant, the stationary crushing screen plant has no tires. In view of the present situation of construction waste treatment in our country, crushing plant has strong advantages, but with the increasing maturity of construction waste disposal market, it will slowly be transformed into fixed crushing plant, that is to say, mobile crushing station is transitional equipment, and slowly will be converted into fixed type.

It is mainly used for fields like metallurgical, chemical, building material, hydro-power that needs material processing, especially for highway, railway, hydro-power with the operation of mobile stone. Customers can choose multiple configuration according to types of raw material, size and finished material requirements.

Mobile crusher plant can not only reduce the cost of transportation, but also cooperate with brick making machine to make the raw material into finished products at one time. With the increasing market demand, various types of crushing plant are needed, such as jaw mobile crushing plant, tire mobile crushing plant and other types. These plants can produce product with high quality, high crushing ratio, reliable performance.

Vibration feeder takes eccentric shaft as excitation source, gear transmission, low noise, stable operation, long life, and it can screen fine material in advance to make crusher more efficient. Adjust the gap grid design to prevent material blockage. Customers can selectively install speed-regulating motor, easy to control the feed quantity, no need for frequent start-up of the motor.

Circular vibrating screen is a kind of screening machine, which mainly produces centrifugal inertia force (excitation force) with radial variation because of the unbalanced rotation of the vibrating wheel of the exciter. Itdrives the screen box and makes the screen vibrate. The trajectory of the screen frame is elliptical. The material on the screen is thrown up by the upward movement of the screen surface, and then falls back to the screen surface after a distance. In this way, the screening is completed in the process of moving from the feed end to the discharge end. The amplitude of the vibrating screen can be adjusted by changing the weight and position of the counterweight.

As far as the counterattack crusher is concerned, the rotor rotates at high speed under the drive of the motor while working, and the material entered from the feed port is hit by the plate hammer on the rotor, which is broken by the high speed impact of the plate hammer; the broken material is hit back on the liner and broken again; later, it is discharged from the outlet. Adjusting the gap between counterattack frame and rotor frame can change the particle size and shape of material.

The material is uniformly transported into the crusher through the feeder, and after the crusher is initially broken, the closed circuit system is formed by the circular vibrating screen to realize the cyclic crushing of the material, and the material in accordance with the grain size requirements is output by the conveyor, so as to achieve the production purpose.

Before the operation, check whether the supporting equipment can run normally, such as crusher, feeder, and so on, whether the connection of these supporting equipment is loose or falling off, and whether the transmission device is abnormal. Especially the crusher, ensure that there is no residual materials in the crusher. In addition, because the working environment of the stone crushing plant is complex, the tire of the mobile crushing station is a vulnerable part, the user should also check whether the tires can work normally before carrying out the operation, so as to ensure the overall performance and normal operation.

The circuit problem of the whole machine in the operation process is a problem that the user needs to pay attention to. If there are special noises, odors or sparks in the working process, stop the operation immediately, maintain in time and never work by force. Otherwise, the whole equipment and motor may be damaged, and it is easy to cause inestimable losses to the user.

Before the stop of the crushing plant, the user must ensure that all the equipment can stop after all the materials are discharged. After the mobile crusher stops, the user should also check the circuit of the equipment, the supporting equipment and lubrication in time. For any abnormal condition, repair and maintain in time. In addition, due to the complexity of the working environment of the aggregate crushing plant, users need to clean and maintain the equipment in time after operation.

how a jaw crusher works and what it is used for

how a jaw crusher works and what it is used for

Illustration Of How Jaw Crusher Crushes A Jaw Crusher is one of the main types of primary crushers in a mine or ore processing plant. The size of a jaw crusher is designated by the rectangular or square opening at the top of the jaws (feed opening). For instance, a 24 x 36 jaw crusher has a opening of 24" by 36", a 56 x 56 jaw crusher has a opening of 56" square. Primary jaw crushers are typically of the square opening design, and secondary jaw crushers are of the rectangular opening design. However, there are many exceptions to this general rule. A Jaw Crusher reduces large size rocks or ore by placing the rock into compression. A fixed jaw, mounted in a "V" alignment is the stationary breaking surface, while the movable jaw exerts force on the rock by forcing it against the stationary plate. The space at the bottom of the "V" aligned jaw plates is the crusher product size gap, or the size of the crushed product from the jaw crusher. The rock remains in the jaws until it is small enough to pass through the gap at the bottom of the jaws.

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