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milling production line 2019

complete maize flour milling process introduction

complete maize flour milling process introduction

Maize, or corn, is one of the most widely planted grains in the world. It is the main grain crop in Mexico, Brazil, Argentina, etc. While other countries like America, China, and most African countries, like South Africa, Nigeria, EthiopiaTanzania, also harvest large quantity of corn/maize every year. (Read more:Flour Milling Business in Kenya>>)

The maize can be processed into flour, grits, or even starch. But, how to process maize into flour? What is the detailed maize flour milling process? What machines are required in a complete maize flour plant? What is the demand for maize flour processing equipment in the development of the market?Read the following article and you will know more about maize/corn flour production. If there are any questions or want to know more,you can directly contact us, ABC Machinery is a professional manufacturer integrating production, development, and sales. There are a variety of flour mill processing equipment available for you to choose from , and our professional staff member will solve your problem and customize the production equipment for you.

The complete maize flour milling process involves various maize milling machinery, mainly for maize cleaning and flour milling. Scientific and reasonable corn flour processing processes should be automated, which can not only reduce labor cost and energy consumption, but also ensure the quality of the final maize products.(Read more: Wheat Flour Production Process >>)

Maize kernels are fed from the material inlet and the flow rate is controlled by a baffle. When the maize kernels are transported by the bucket elevator into De-stoner, they first go through fine sieve, the sand or other impurities smaller than maize will be screened out and discharged from the taphole. After fine sieving, maize kernels enter Coarse Screen to screen out impurities that are bigger than corn, for example, corn cob particles; while these impurities are also discharged from taphole. At the same time, above the sieve, it is connected with a fan. The function of Fan 1 is to suck those light impurities still mixed in maize kernels; such impurities will be eliminated by the function of centrifugal sedimentation. (Relate equipment: Grain Cleaning Equipment >>)

After cleaning, maize kernels go out the outlet and delivered into screw conveyor. Maize kernels flow in the screw conveyor and dust or similar small particle impurities are further screened out. Then, maize is delivered into Dampener. In the dampener, maize kernels and water are fully stirred and mixed. Those maize kernels that meet dampening requirements will be delivered again by the elevator into storage barrel for temporary storage, whose purpose is to make sure the feeding flow in next step is even.

On the outlet of storage barrel, there is a baffle to adjust discharging flow. When maize kernels get out, they will enter slag mill for preliminary breaking, so that some maize skin is separated from embryo. After that, broken maize is delivered by the elevator into Embryo Selection Machine. Inside it, maize skin and embryo are separated and expelled from different outlets. At the same time, on the top of embryo selection machine, there is connected Fan 2. Under the function of fan, some light impurities are sucked out, while the embryos discharged from the outlet of selection machine are delivered by Suction Fan 3 into Maize Flour Mill 1. Those maize skins discharged from the selection machine and some broken embryos will be delivered into Maize Flour Mill 2. (Read more: Maize Flour Milling Machine >>)

The maize flour milled by maize flour mill machine are sucked by Suction Fan 3 and delivered into Double Bin Sieve 1 for sieving, and the maize flour that meet standards will be ejected by Suction Fan 4 for weighing and packaging. While the maize flour that does not meet crushing standard will be screened out from Double Bin Sieve and then delivered by Suction Fan 3 into Flour Mill 3 for further grinding. The discharged material is delivered by Suction Fan 3 into Double Bin Sieve 2 for sieving: the corn flour that meets standard will be ejected by Fan 4; those substandard will be delivered by Fan 3 into Maize Flour Mill 4. After milling, maize flour is again delivered into Double Bin Sieve 2 for screening. (Read more: Cost of Setting up a Maize Mill in Uganda >>)

Over such cycling of maize milling process, maize flours can meet different classification standards. Depending on maize flour content and particle size maize flour is classified into 4 grades: Grade 1 and Grade 2 are mainly maize skin and small proportion of maize flour, and are generally used for animal feed; Grade 3 and Grade 4 are fine maize flour that are used in food related industry for human consumptions;

ABC Machinery is a real flour mill machine manufacturers, we have our own factory. We fully grasp the quality of equipment and patent technology. With 20 years of project experience, we can provide you with fully advanced engineering solutions. Our complete corn/maize flour processing plant has the characteristics of advanced technology, excellent equipment, strong specificity, reasonable layout, low power consumption, high powder yield and good quality of finished products. The finished product is widely applicable to food enterprises, sugar enterprises, beer enterprises.

According to customer needs, we can provide one-stop custom-made service that includes factory design, equipment manufacturing, installation, commissioning, training and after-sales. We have built many flour mill plant projects around the world. If you are interested to know about our maize flour milling plant project report, please just contact us directly to get the latest project cost and equipment plist!

About the Cost of Maize Flour Milling Plant For most of the customers, the total cost of maize flour milling machine is what they care most. We totally understand it since the investment capitals are the key factors to set up a complete flour mill plant. But, the exact cost of a maize flour milling plant is decided by many factors, including capacity, equipment selected, power supply, requirements for final products, so if you are interested in our equipment, just describe your requirements clearly, then our engineers or sales can offer you the customized quotation with exact cost.

Many investors know that the maize flour processing machine produced by different manufacturersdifferent manufacturing methods and different materials are different, and the corn flour produced will also be different. Therefore, investors need to choose the right method when choosing corn flour processing machinery in order to purchase the right equipment.

First of all, for corn flour processing equipment with better quality, its bearings and gear boxes should be far away from the valve body to prevent the influence of high temperature and impurities, and the front and rear covers must have a better sealing effect to avoid dust leakage. It has a very good overload function of the airlock, which is more suitable for more starting and forward rotation, and the processing efficiency of the whole machine will be higher.

Secondly, the corn flour processing machine processes the raw materials by adopting the principle of planetary rotation. The design input and output are all on the same axis and connected with the motor. Its teeth are made of cast iron and bearing steel, which is compact and runs. It is more stable, has the advantages of low noise, fewer problems, and long life. When comparing this kind of machine, personnel can consider these aspects to do component analysis to ensure the quality of the machine.

It can be seen from the above that when purchasing the maize flour processing machine you need to pay attention to many aspects. Therefore, knowing more industry information and product information can effectively help you screen, which is the right way.

The history of eating corn is very long. People started to eat corn flour before eating corn. But the previous technology level was relatively low, and the variety and taste were not good. However, with the emergence of maize flour mill processing equipment, the variety of corn products continues to increase, and the taste gradually meets people's requirements and market expectations, which makes the maize flour processing industry seize the market's rising space and attract people's attention. As the third largest polar food crop in the world, corn has extensive nutritional and health value and development potential. How to use the technology introduced at home and abroad to implement the intensive processing technology of maize flour processing equipment so that maize food can enter various countries and regions into a larger market is an urgent problem for maize flour production businesses.

The combination of maize flour milling machine with agriculture provides a good opportunity for industrial development. In daily life, raw grains can be made into flour products through maize flour milling equipment, and then various foods can be made for people to use, which brings great convenience to people. Therefore, it has brought a good development in the maize flour processing industry and has been greatly affected. The processing manufacturers are welcome. Go to ABC Machinery to directly purchase a complete set of equipment, including peeling, grits and other auxiliary equipment, which prevents the equipment time, as well as accessories and wear parts. Any problems presented later can be dealt with in time for you, and the whole after-sales process Worry-free guaranteed. Welcome to contact us to set up your maize flour milling plant!

30t/d rice mill plant,complete rice mill production line supplier

30t/d rice mill plant,complete rice mill production line supplier

30T/D Rice Milling Process Flow Chart The auto rice mill plant can process paddy into national standard rice just in one process at the following flow chart. Paddy Cleaning-Destoning-Paddy Husking-Husk Separating-Rice Milling-Rice Grading-Color Sorting-Rice Packing.

sunflower oil production line for sunflower oil plant to produce refined cooking oil

sunflower oil production line for sunflower oil plant to produce refined cooking oil

Sunflower oil is an excellent vegetable oil which is extracted from sunflower seeds that begin with sunflower seeds pre-treatment, pre-pressing, embryonic material leaching, wet meal desolventizing andcrude sunflower oil refinery process. Sunflower seed oil is rich in linoleic acid, which helps reduce blood cholesterol levels in the body, and is beneficial to protect cardiovascular health. Besides the unsaturated fatty acids, sunflower oil also contains vitamins E, folic acid, iron, potassium, zinc and other essential nutrients.

Currently, the sunflower oil sold on the market is mostly produced by de-shelled pre-squeezing and leaching process. De-shelled pressing-leaching technology is the key point of sunflower oil production line which avoids the negative impact of over-refining, high temperature, and acid and alkali effects on oils, so that the nutrients in the oil can be well preserved. For example, thecontentofvitaminEin de-shelled squeezed sunflower oil is75.5mg/100g. However, by squeezing-leaching seeds with shell, every 100g sunflower oil only contains 41.62mg vitamin E. Whats more, there is no contact with alkane in the process of the un-shelled pressing-leaching process, which avoids the formation of trans fatty acids.

The processing characteristics of first-grade sunflower oil are: First of all, sunflower seeds are selected and cleaned to remove impurities, and then the seeds are de-husked and crushed. After that the embryo is flaked and steamed in the frying pan, the fried product is pre-squeezed out of the oil and the remaining oil is extracted by solvent leaching, then the crude oil is purified through precipitation and filtration. Finally, the oil is dissolved, degummed, decolorized, deacidified and deodorized into the refined oil. More specifically, the operation steps and equipment for processing sunflower oil are as follows:

Select the sunflower seeds with the oil content of 30~50%, and the seed material contains certain impurities (sediment, stones, iron filings, etc.) which should be removed by cleaning sieve and magnetic separator.

For sunflower seed, it should be squeezed after shelling, which can increase production capacity and oil quality. After the sunflower seeds are sieved by a vibrating screen and then placed into a vertical centrifugal sheller to separate the shells. After separation, the shell content in the sunflower kernels is less than 10%, and the content of kernels in shells is less than 1%.

(1.) The gear roller shelling machine mainly adopts high-speed rotation of the special wear-resistant roller to crush the material (traditional roller crusher adopts low-speed crushing) to form a high-productivity mechanism. The roller sheller consists of a transmission device, a frame part, a crushing roller, a mechanical spring device and a linkage mechanism, etc.; (2.) The gear roller sheller is divided into double rollers and four rollers (ie, on the two pairs of rollers). It is suitable for sunflower seed shelling and breakage of sunflower seeds, which could ensure that the embryo flaking and sunflower seed pre-pressing, and it is the key equipment for the pretreatment production line; (3.) The gear roller sheller has the advantages of small volume, large crushing ratio, low noise, simple structure, convenient maintenance, high productivity, the uniform particle size of the broken material, easy maintenance, sensitive overload protection, safe and reliable features.

Rolling the embryo is to grind the broken oilseeds into embryonic flakes with a certain thickness, which is an important process of pretreatment. Its role is to destroy the cell tissue so that the oil can be easily extracted.

(1.) It can increase the surface area of seeds and reduce seed thickness, which could not only increase the ability of seeds for absorbing moisture and heat but also speed up the moisture evaporation in steam frying process; (2.) The machine has large daily output, stable operation, and reliable hydraulic system pressure. Whats more, there is a buffer device between the rollers to reduce the collision between the rollers and increase the service life of the rollers; (3.) embryo flaking machine has characteristics of large processing capacity, rolling embryo evenly, good stability and operability.

Heat treatment is one of the most important processes in the extraction of oils, including the wetting and heating of the sunflower seed. In the production, it is called embryo steaming or frying, and the steamed and fried embryo is called a matured embryo. The heat press of the embryo is called hot pressing and sunflower seeds are mainly hot press. The heat treatment has a direct impact on the smooth progress of the entire oil production process, the level of oil output, and the quality of oil products and cakes.

(1.) The steam frying pan is a processing equipment that wets and steams the embryo flakes to prepare mature embryos, so as to meet the technological requirements of the oil extraction. Our steamer can also be used as a softener. (2.) Our steam cooker has features of condensing oil and improving oil yield, which is a necessary equipment for plant oil pretreatment in vegetable oil plants; (3.) It can adjust the oil structure to prevent blocking the oil.

In production, people mainly adopt pre-squeezing and solvent leaching methods for oil extraction of sunflower seed. Pre-press can squeeze out some of the oil in the raw material to improve the oil effect.

(1.) 202-3 type spiral press machine is suitable for pre-squeezing and leaching methods or two times crushing process in the vegetable oil factory, and it is suited to process seeds with high oil content like sunflower seed; (2.) After pre-squeezing, the structure of squeezed cake is loose but not crushed, which is beneficial to solvent permeation, and the oil content and moisture of cake are suitable for leaching; (3.) The quality of the extracted oil is better than one squeezing or one leaching of oil.

(1.) After squeezing, the squeezed cakes are sent to be leached for extracting oil, then the extracted oil can be refined, and the solvent is usually No. 6th gasoline. For wet oil meal desolventizing: the oil meals which discharged from the leaching device contains 25%~35% solvent and should be removed by drying & cooling the cakes in a desolventizer-toaster, and the extracted solvent could be recycled for next use. Meanwhile, the mixed oil which discharged from the leaching device is purified by steam evaporation, stripping, and sedimentation-filtration; (2.) In the production, solvent recycling can reduce solvent consumption, improve product safety and product quality; (3.) Please note: pre-squeezed leaching process is suitable for the larger scale sunflower oil production line(30t/d or above).

The steps of sunflower oil refining are basically the same as those of other vegetable oils, including degumming, alkali refining, decolorization, deodorization, and dewaxing. The refined product is not only light in color, but also has high nutritional value and good taste. It is a good edible oil.

(1.) Degumming: when the intermittent process is used, refining consists of heating the oil to between 40 and 85, by adding the concentration of 85% industrial phosphoric acid which accounts for 0.1%~0.2% of oil content to the crude oil, the mixture should be stirred for 0.5 h for degumming; (2.) Alkali refining: then the alkali is added to remove the acid by adding the lye. The excess alkali content is 0. 2%~0. 4% of the oil weight; (3.) Washing: the oil is washed under the absolute pressure of 8kPa (vacuum degree is above 700mmHg) at the temperature of 90~95, and then is vacuum dehydrated by dryer; (4.) Decolorization: the active white soil which accounts for 4%~6% of the oil-heavy is added to adsorb pigments for decolorization, then the waste white soil is filtered; (5.) Deodorization: the decolorized oil needs to be placed under vacuum pressure at the temperature of 230~250, and is distilled by passing 0.1~0.2MPa direct water vapor for more than 4h, then through cooling and fine filtrating. (6.) Dewaxing: the deodorized sunflower oil also contains a small amount of wax, which is pumped into a pre-cooled crystallization tank and cooled at a certain cooling rate in 8 hours, in order to speed up the reaction and uniform cooling, appropriate mixing is necessary, and stirring speed can be 10~15r/min. After the oil is cooled and crystallized to a certain temperature, stirring is stopped and the crystal keeping time is maintained for 12 hours in the crystallization tank. After that, the oil and wax are separated by press filter, using compressed air. The discharged liquid oil is the finished sunflower oil, which can meet the standard of high-grade cooking oils.

Sunflower oil is a high-quality edible oil known as nutritive oil, which has become the preferred oil for consumers and chefs. And the worldwide consumption of sunflower oil ranks third in all vegetable oils. It is generally used for cooking, for example, it is used to make margarine, mayonnaise, salad dressing and salad oil. The artificial cream obtained with sunflower oil has excellent taste and high unsaturated fatty acid content. In the food industry, sunflower oil is also used to make fried fast food, such as potato chips and corn chips. The sunflower oil cake which obtained after squeezing contains 30%~36% of protein and 8%~11% of fat. In addition to feed, oil cake can also be used to produce monosodium glutamate and soy sauce. The protein in the sunflower kernels is composed of reasonable amino acids and can be used to make edible protein powder. The sunflower shell can be used as a fuel to generate steam and electricity, as well as animal feed and furfural production.

We have a qualified team who are technically experienced in giving special attention to the project evaluation process. We can provide professional guidance from the Blueprint to the Installation of the project. According to the local conditions, space requirement and environment restrictions, the customized turnkey solution is specially engineered.

milling machine market size, share | global industry report, 2019-2025

milling machine market size, share | global industry report, 2019-2025

The global milling machine market size was valued at USD 63,156.5 million in 2018 and is expected to register a CAGR of 7.0% from 2019 to 2025. Milling machines are some of the most important machines used in metal cutting applications across several industries. The promising expansion of the global metalworking industry and a notable rise in metalworking facilities globally have triggered the demand for these machines in recent years.

Milling machines are highly versatile and can perform a plethora of functions including fillet making, turning, chamfering, drilling, facing, gear cutting, and slot cutting. These machines can also be used for performing multiple cuts simultaneously by installing multiple cutters. Various other tools, such as rounding mills, fluted mills, and ball end mills, can also be integrated into these machines. These advantages make milling machines ideal for machining metal parts required in industries such as automotive and defense & aerospace.

Milling machines are widely used to drill, bore, cut gears, and produce slots. Various milling machine manufacturers are adopting the CNC technology to enhance the productivity and quality of the work performed by milling machines by using the same tools and program to produce multiple parts. Automation and multi-axis machining are some of the most prominent trends in the market. Moreover, companies are using software programs to control the axis, spindle speeds, and tool changes in milling machines, thereby reducing the need for manual intervention.

Integration of CAM and CAD software into CNC machines provides additional benefits such as reducing the machining time and enabling a smooth workflow. The inception of compact machine tools that occupy minimum floor space is particularly gaining traction within the industrial manufacturing sector.

Adoption of five-sided machining with the aim of reducing set-up time is another major trend in the market.However, the significant costs associated with the installation and maintenance of advanced machine tools and a looming lack of adequately skilled workforce holding expertise in operating complex machine tools are expected to restrain the growth of the market over the forecast period. To overcome these challenges, numerous companies are spending on R&D to minimize the maintenance cost by implementing automated diagnostic solutions.

On the basis of type, the milling machine market has been segmented into horizontal milling machines and vertical milling machines. The horizontal milling machines segment dominated the market in 2018 owing to the growing popularity and users preference for horizontal milling machines. Horizontal mills offer better chip evacuation, thereby delivering a more refined surface finish and an extended tool life. They can also execute more complicated parts with fewer operations. In a horizontal mill, the spindle points horizontally, thereby helping in ensuring a greater spindle uptime. Moreover, horizontal milling machines are particularly preferred owing to their ability to perform the work of three or more vertical mills.

Nevertheless, the vertical milling machines segment accounted for a considerable share of the market in the said year, owing to features such as high visibility, affordable costs, ease of use, and high accuracy. These mills are mainly used for drilling and plunging cuts and are available in a wide range of specifications depending on different end uses.

On the basis of end-use, the market has been segmented into automotive, aerospace & defense, construction equipment, power & energy, industrial, and others. The industrial segment dominated the market in 2018 owing to the extensive use of horizontal milling machines for result-driven operations. The growing demand for the mass production of a variety of goods such as consumer electronics, automobiles, and household appliances is also expected to drive the growth of the industrial segment.

The automotive segment is expected to register the highest CAGR over the forecast period in line with the rising preference of OEMs to metal parts with precise cuts. The power & energy segment also accounted for a significant share in 2018. The demand for drilling rigs continues to increase as oil & gas exploration companies across the globe embark upon new drilling projects. At the same time, power companies continue to invest in new technologies such as wind power in line with the growing emphasis on renewable energy. The specific components required for these steadily expanding application areas are machined using high-precision machine tools, which is expected to drive the demand for milling machines in the power sector in the near future.

Asia Pacific dominated the market in 2018 owing to the rising adoption of metal cutting processes in the region. Given that Asia Pacific is home to some of the key market companies in the milling machine industry, it is anticipated to continue dominating the global market over the forecast period. Government initiatives such as the Government of Indias Make in India and Skill India are also expected to drive the demand for machine tools in the region.

Europe accounted for a substantial share in 2018 owing to an aggressive adoption of milling machines by the automotive manufacturers in the region. While Europe is home to several automotive manufacturers, multi-tasking machines are also being adopted by companies in the rail industry in some European countries, such as Germany, France, and the U.K. The growth of the regional market can also be attributed to the growing energy sector and the subsequent growth in demand for parts such as turbines and motors, which need to be machined with using high-precision tools.

Some of the key vendors active in the market are AMADA CO., LTD.; Amera Seiki; DATRON Dynamics, Inc.; DMG MORI CO., LTD.; Haas Automation, Inc.; FANUC CORPORATION; Okuma Corporation; Shenyang Machine Tool Co., Ltd.; Hurco Companies, Inc.; Dalian Machine Tool Group Corporation (DMTG); and Yamazaki Mazak Corporation; among others. These industry participants are trying to gain a competitive edge over their rivals by launching innovative products. For instance, Okuma Corporation of Japan introduced MU-8000V LASER EX, a new multitasking machining center that employs the laser metal deposition technology to deliver unique cutting abilities in many different shapes and sizes.

Market players are also adopting different strategies such as mergers & acquisitions, partnerships, and collaborations to expand their product portfolios. Prominent players are particularly emphasizing on collaborating with companies offering advanced systems and components in order to integrate cutting-edge technologies into their products. For instance, in April 2017, Dalian Machine Tool Group Corporation of China and Gazdevice of Russia established a joint venture in Russia in Moskovskaya Oblast for manufacturing high-precision machine tools.

AMADA CO., LTD.; Amera Seiki; DATRON Dynamics, Inc.; DMG MORI CO., LTD.; Haas Automation, Inc.; FANUC CORPORATION; Okuma Corporation; Shenyang Machine Tool Co., Ltd.; Hurco Companies, Inc.; Dalian Machine Tool Group Corporation (DMTG); and Yamazaki Mazak Corporation..

This report forecasts revenue growth at global, regional, and country levels and provides an analysis of the latest industry trends in each of the sub-segments from 2014 to 2025. For the purpose of this study, Grand View Research has segmented the global milling machine market report based on type, end-use, and region.

The recent COVID-19 pandemic that has been ravaging numerous countries across the globe has adversely affected the overall sensor, control, and automation industry. While the capital investments in the automation sector have been lethargic before the pandemic, they are expected to be put on hold or postponed for at least a year. However, the recent standstill in industrial manufacturing and production is anticipated to act as a wake-up call for the manufacturing sector on its reliance on human labor. This, in turn, is expected to highlight the advantages of robotics and automation helping a greater adoption in the post-pandemic period. As IoT, industrial automation, and digitalization are expected to become increasingly relevant to post-pandemic Tier 1 manufacturers, it may eventually turn into an opportunity especially in evolving supply chains. The report will account for Covid19 as a key market contributor.

southeast asia: growing milling industry relies on wheat imports | 2019-08-12 | world grain

southeast asia: growing milling industry relies on wheat imports | 2019-08-12 | world grain

Wheat production in Southeast Asia is small, but the grain plays an increasing part in diets in the region, which is also home to a large milling sector, including one of the biggest milling companies in the world, Indonesian-based P.T. Bogasari.

The wheat production of the countries of Southeast Asia is too small to register on the IGCs breakdown. They do produce corn and the IGC forecast their 2019-20 crops at 13.3 million tonnes for Indonesia, 8.3 million for the Philippines, 5.2 million for Thailand and 4.7 million for Vietnam. Thailand is also forecast to produce 100,000 tonnes of sorghum.

The lack of home-grown grains makes the region a big importer. The IGC forecast total 2019-20 imports at 11.7 million tonnes for Indonesia, 5.7 million for Malaysia, 7.3 million for the Philippines, 3.9 million for Thailand and 14.8 million for Vietnam. Of those totals, wheat accounts for 11.4 million tonnes for Indonesia, 1.8 million for Malaysia, 6.8 million for the Philippines, 3.2 million for Thailand and 4.4 million for Vietnam. Malaysia imports 3.9 million tonnes of maize, while Vietnam imports 10.3 million tonnes.

Currently, 28 flour mills operate under 23 companies, with a total installed capacity of 11.8 million tonnes (wheat equivalent) per annum, an increase from 11.5 million tonnes in 2017-18, the report said. Running capacity of the mills reached 80% in 2017-18, an increase from 70% in 2016-17.

Indonesias imports of wheat for food are inflated by a ban on imports of corn for food. The country has some of the highest corn prices in the world, so feed mills are forced to source other commodities for feed ingredients.

Expansion in the flour milling sector, leading to strong competition also has meant a rise in imports of wheat from the Black Sea. According to the attach, Australia, with 31%, and Ukraine, with 21%, dominate the market. Canada has a market share of 16% and Russia has 14%.

The growth of Ukrainian wheat imports, along with the sharp increase in Russian imports, has pushed U.S. wheat to fifth largest supplier, although overall market share has remained near 10%, the attach said. Australias market share is due to the growing noodle industrys preference for Australian standard white wheat, competitive pricing, and Australias close proximity.

The attach quotes millers as reporting that in addition to competitive prices, Ukrainian wheat quality has significantly improved in recent years, allowing for higher rates of blending. Similarly, Russian wheat exports to Indonesia increased by 579% in 2017. These increases have come at the expense of Australian wheat, which, in addition to price, has had inconsistent supply due to weather related problems.

P.T. Bogasari boasts the worlds largest flour mill in Jakarta. The mill, which has 15 milling lines, recently expanded its I and J milling lines, with production capacity in each line increasing from 800 tonnes (wheat equivalent) per day to 1,200 tonnes per day. Capacity in the H mill is in the process of being expanded from 800 to 1,200 tonnes, with the expansion expected to be completed in the third quarter of 2019. When the final piece of equipment is installed, the plants daily capacity will reach 11,650 tonnes and its yearly production capacity will be more than 4 million tonnes.

Relatively stable macro-economic conditions have allowed middle and upper-middle income consumers to diversify their diets to include more western-style foods like bread and pasta, the report said. Rather than eating rice three times daily, many Indonesians have switched to eating bread or noodles for breakfast. Restaurants and high-end bakeries are also driving demand for wheat-based food products, especially in major cities, including Jakarta, Surabaya, Medan and Bandung.

In addition to noodles, more high-end and artisan bakeries are coming online, driving the bakery industry, which already accounts for 20% of flour consumption, it said. The remaining 10% is consumed by household and commercial biscuit producers.

The country is a major importer of milling-quality wheat and the United States is its largest supplier, the attach explained. Rising incomes and a rapidly growing population have resulted in changing diets toward more wheat and protein.

This includes pan de sal and its derivatives (local salt bread consumed as a breakfast muffin), loaf bread, buns and rolls, cakes and pastries, and Chinese steamed buns, the attach said. The other half of milling wheat demand is for producing noodles, cookies and crackers, and pasta.

Low flour and bread prices, high rice prices, and shifting diets among the burgeoning middle class have kept per capita demand growing at an extraordinary rate. Consumption per person of wheat food has risen from 23.1 kilograms in 2014 to 33.7 in 2019.

The domestic flour milling industry is becoming more competitive, the attach said, noting that a new mill was commissioned in 2018-19. There are 21 flour mills with a total capacity over 5 million tonnes. Capacity utilization in 2018 was over 50%.

In Thailand wheat production is marginal in Thailand due to unfavorable climatic conditions, limited seed development, and unattractive returns compared to other field crops, according to an attach report dated March 14. It put total production of wheat in the country at between 300 and 400 tonnes on around 160 hectares.

Consumption of milling wheat was forecast at around 3 million tonnes in 2018-19, with milling wheat accounting for around 45% of all wheat consumption. Sixty percent to 70% of the milling wheat is used for bakery and instant noodle production. The attach said two new wheat flour mills with a capacity of around 300,000 tonnes began operating in 2018-19, bringing total wheat flour production capacity to around 2.5 million tonnes a year.

U.S. milling wheat will likely maintain its dominant market share, accounting for approximately 60% of total milling wheat imports due to growing demand for high-protein wheat from bakeries, the report said.

Vietnam does not produce wheat, according to a report dated April 8. The country has quarantine inspections that make it difficult to bring in high quality wheat varieties. The attach explained the previous year, in a report dated April 12, 2018, that increased consumption for milling wheat is driven by the on-going demand for wheat-based products in the fast food industry.

In large cities, people consume many wheat-based foods, and in recent years the demand for bread/baguette and other baked goods and wheat-based foods has risen, the report said. The changes reflect the increasing pace of urbanization and increasing familiarity of consumers with convenience foods.

Consumption of milling wheat is small, but growing steadily, which means increased demand for U.S. wheat. Demand for milling wheat is around 2 million tonnes a year. Milling capacity is around 3.4 million tonnes a year.

This leads to strong competition in the wheat milling sector and also demonstrates industry is anticipating future wheat consumption growth, the report said. The Vietnam milling industry is expected to not only supply its milled flour domestically, but also regionally to other countries in Southeast Asia.

According to the 2019 report on the sector in Vietnam, Australian wheat gets into the country duty free under the Australia-Vietnam Free Trade Agreement (FTA), while the Vietnam-Eurasia Economic Union (VN-EAEU) means there is no duty on wheat from Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Armenia and Kyrgyzstan. Canadian wheat enters duty free under the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership.

For Myanmar, also known as Burma, a report dated March 28 forecast increased wheat consumption in anticipation of renewed demand for snacks and baked goods derived from wheat flour, following flat years that followed a downturn in the economy in 2018.

As a result, some small bakeries and cafes have closed, as they cannot keep up with high space rental fees, high inflation, and low demand in 2018, the report said. Although there are small scale flour mills in central and upper Burma, the two biggest wheat mills in Myanmar are the U Kyu Family Group, holding about 50% to 55% of the flour market, and Capital Diamond Star capturing about 30% to 35% of the flour market.

The flour milling sector is dominated by four major players. The biggest are Malayan Flour Mills (MFM) and Federal Flour Mills (FFM) with a market share of around 57%. FFM has around 32% of the market from four mills, with a capacity of 2,550 tonnes a day. MFM has a capacity of 2,520 tonnes a day from two mills. Interflour has four mills and a capacity of 1,690 tonnes a day, while another mill belongs to Kuantan Flour.

intelligent sequence optimization method for hole making operations in 2m production line | springerlink

intelligent sequence optimization method for hole making operations in 2m production line | springerlink

This paper is concerned with the optimization of the tool path in a production line consisting of two machine tools. Existing computer numerical control (CNC) time estimation methods are based either for a single machine or a single operation. As current methods dont illustrate the necessity of the multiple operations with more than one machine, this paper presents a new method for CNC machining time estimation which predicts the optimal tool path sequence with minimal time for a 2M production line. The optimized sequence is determined by employing the most reliable hybrid method i.e., Genetic Algorithm (GA). Attention was focusing on the hole making operations where a hole may need multiple cutting tools to get the process finished. Each of the machines can do certain set of operations. So the non-productive time between two machines should be minimized and it is obtained by this intelligent sequence optimizer. This proposed technique is developed on a modified travel salesman problem algorithm with preceding constraints. The work also introduces a computational program based on this methodology. The numerical simulation conducted in this research shows that the proposed approach is feasible and practical. It is beneficial especially in real-time manufacturing process outlining and scheduling multiple systems.

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