making alfalfa pellets with alfalfa pellet mill
Named as ''the king of grazing grasses, alfalfa is always considered as the first choice of animal feeding among all grasses. Alfalfahas advantages of high yield, protein and good forage quality. Fresh alfalfa has mass water, which make cattle digest and excretequickly. With the practical needs, people always use the alfalfa hay or alfalfa pellets as their cattle, goats, horse or other kinds of animal's feed. Which one is better for animal feeding?
Even thealfalfa hayandalfalfa pelletshave same nutritional value, but there are differencesbetween them on the function. As the high quality coarse fodder, alfalfa hay has been accepted in so many ranches. During the process of feeding, alfalfa hay usually accumulate, some residual alfalfa is very common in the basin, which result in so much waste. In addition to, animals don't like to eat the alfalfa hay when so much alfalfa meal into their nose. Conversely, the alfalfa pellets can best avoid these problems.
What the advantages and disadvantages of alfa pellets? How to make alfalfa pellets? How to choose proper alfalfa pellet machine? As a professional pellet mill manufacturer, GEMCO lists all details for your convenience, find your answers below!
how to make wood pellets: 12 steps (with pictures) - wikihow
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Wood pellets can be used for a variety of purposes, including making fuel, acting as tinder for a fire, and creating bedding for animals. Most pellets are made in bulk by industrial pellet mills, but homeowners and small businesses can also turn organic materials into wood pellets. You can make your own pellets at home by breaking raw wood matter into small pieces and pressing the wood into dense pellets.
Wood pellets can be used for a variety of purposes, like fuel and bedding for animals. If you have machinery, like a wood chipper, flat die pellet mill, and a batch mixer, you can make wood pellets from logs, wood chips, or sawdust. If youre using wood, first youll need to use your wood chipper and hammer mill to reduce the pieces to no larger than 0.2 inches. Leave the wood to dry in the sun for 24 hours. Then, sieve the wood particles to remove contaminants and mix it in your batch mixer. Youll then need to run the material through a flat die pellet mill or pellet press with a die and roller. Once youve pressed the pellets, leave them to cool for 24 hours. For more tips, including how to store your wood pellets, read on!
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specialized in customizing the wood pellet line and wood pellet machines | pellet making machines supplier
The empty fruit bunch shredder is to process the EFB into fiber and EFB fiber crushing machine is to crush the fiber into small pieces, and these two machines are the necessary equipment for EFB fiber pelletizing.
This 1t/h pine wood pellet plant is very simple. The complete process includes wood crushing, drying, pelletizing, cooling and packaging, which is specially popular among the wood pellet manufacturers.
pig feed pellet production line,make pig feed with feed pellet machines | pellet making machines supplier
Raw materials need to be crushed first before pelletizing. As to the materials grinding, you can weigh the raw materials according to the formula and then ground them infeed hammer mill, or you can ground them separately and then mix. These two methods are both OK and you can choose according to your self condition. The fineness of raw materials have a significant effect on feed use efficiency. The smaller the size of ground raw materials, the easier the gelatinization of materials, thus easier pellets to be formed. For pig feed pellets making, the screen sieve diameter of feed hammer mill is less than 1mm, while for weaned piglet is only 0.3mm.
Pressing is the core process for pig pellets producing. Moisture content, temperature, and steam pressure during this process have a great influence on the quality of the final pellets. Pellets hardness will increase if the moisture content of raw materials is higher than 8-10%. The most suitable moisture content is 16-17%.
Temperature requirement is not higher than 88% which can range from 82 to 88 according to the pellet formation status and moisture content of the pellets. If the pelletizing temperature is low, the starch gelatinization is not sufficient, then pelletizing effect is lower; however, if the temperature is too high, the nutrient will lose seriously.
Steam pressure has a direct relation to moisture content and pelleting temperature. Generally speaking, proper steam pressurebetween 394 KPa and 490 KPa will generate a good pelleting effect.
Pig feed pellets are soft and hot after processed by feed hammer mill, so transfer them into thefeed cooling machineto remove heat and moisture contained in the pellets becomes necessary. After cooling, pellets are dry and hard, they can be transported to the packing machine to be packed in bags, which then becomes convenient for storage and transportation.
Pork is the worlds most consumed meat from terrestrial animals. Demand for pork has been rising in recent decades. The reasons for this can be the changes in consumption patterns as a result of an income increase in the middle-class with fast-growing economies. Pig sector is the fastest-growing livestock subsector for its increasing consumption demand. There were more than one million pigs killed each year worldwide. Pig breeding technologies have also made a few improvements, such as pig feed pellets, to turn pig production into a high-input, high-output industry.
Pellet feed first appeared in Europe, and account for most of todays feed market in America, Japan, Germany, etc. The average level of the worlds feed pellets using is about 60%. Then why choose feed pellets for breeding? Generally speaking, there are two types of pig feed: powdery feed and pellets feed. Powdery feed has two major feeding methods: dry feeding and wet feeding. Wet feeding is mixing the feed with water, which is not suitable for scientific feeding because of the reduction of food intake. As to dry feeding, if the powder is fine, it would affect pig food intake to some extent, while if the powder is coarse, pig food utilization rate may be influenced. Pellet feed has some superior advantages for pig breeding compared with powdery feed.
Disinfection and sterilization. During the pelletizing process, toxic substances or inhibiting factors are damaged due to the 100 ~ 120 hot steam. So pellets are more healthy for pigs.
Reduce waste and improve feed palatability. Feed pellets have large density and high nutrition concentration, which can improve the palatability and digestibility of pig feed. Moreover, feed pellet has uniform size and pelleted type, which avoids pigs from choosing what they like to eat.
Convenient for storing and transport. The volume of feed particles reduced about 1/3 than powder, together with its high density makes pellets easy to store and transport. Unlike powdery feed which is easy to absorb moisture and then become moldy, pig feed pellets scattered well and have high storage stability.
Pig in different growth stage has different requirements, so small pellets for piglets and big pellets for big pigs as to pig feeding pellet size. Generally speaking, pellets with a size of 3/32 in. can be adopted for suckling phase pigs, while the size of 5/32 in. of pellets suit most for growing pigs and finishing pigs.