what are the differences between dry and wet type ball mill? | fote machinery
The ball mill is a kind of grinding machine, which is the key milling machine used after the material has been crushed, and it also has a mixing effect. This type of grinding machine has a cylindrical body with spherical grinding mediums and materials.
The centrifugal force and friction generated by the rotation of the fuselage bring the material and the grinding medium to a certain height and then fall. Impact and friction grind the material into fine powders.
It is widely used in cement, silicate, new construction material, refractory material, chemical fertilizer, ferrous metal and non-ferrous as well as ceramics, and widely applied to dry or wet grinding for ores and grindable materials. The wet type is often equipped with a classifier, and the dry type is configured with a suction and separation device.
Both of the dry and wet ball mills are composed of feeding port, discharging port, turning part, and transmission parts such as retarder, small transmission gear, motor, electronic control. The wet grinding can be widely used, because most of the minerals can be wet milled.
The ball mill is equipped with a cylindrical rotating device and two bins, which can rotate by gears. The discharge port is straight, and there are also air intake devices, dust exhaust pipes, and dust collectors.
The material from the feeding device is uniformly fed into the first bin of the mill by the hollow shaft spiral. This bin has stepped lining or corrugated lining, which is filled with steel balls of different specifications.
The rotation of the cylinder generates centrifugal force to bring the steel ball to a certain height, and then fall, which will hit and grind the material. After the material is coarse grinding in the first bin, it will enter the second bin through the single-layer partition plate.
This bin is embedded with a flat liner, and the steel balls inside will further grind the material, then the powder is discharged through the discharge grate to complete the grinding. We can't add water or other liquids during the grinding process.
The material needs to be added water or anhydrous ethanol during the grinding process. We must control the grinding concentration, otherwise, it will affect the grinding efficiency. The amount of water depends on the use of the mud, the amount of clay in the formula, and the water absorption of the clay.
It will be gradually pulverized under the action of impact and grinding. The movement of the ore needs to be driven by the water. The bulk material will be cracked under the impact and grinding of the grinding medium, with the crack gradually increasing and deepening, the final material will be separated from the crack to achieve the effect of bulk material being ground.
The grinding ore will be discharge through the discharge port, and then the discharged mineral will be classified into the qualified product in a spiral classifier, with the coarse sand being returned to the ball mill through the combined feeder to continue grinding.
The feeder feeds material continuously and evenly, the ground material will be continuously discharged from the ball mill. The wet ball mill can be divided into three types according to the motion characteristics: a simple swing type wet ball mill, a complex swing type wet ball mill, and a hybrid swing type wet ball mill.
The dry grinding is suitable for materials that can react with water, which may not be used for wet grinding such as cement, marble and other building materials. Some products which require storage and sale in powder form is suitable for dry grinding, and in some other arid areas, because of the lack of water resources, dry grinding can also be used to save water.
Wet grinding is suitable for most materials, such as all kinds of metal ore, non-metallic ore. As long as it is water-repellent and will not affect the quality of the finished product, the material can be used for wet grinding.
Common ore includes copper ore, iron ore, molybdenum ore, phosphate rock, feldspar mine, fluorite ore, etc. The proportion of steel balls, materials, and water in wet grinding is 4:2:1. The detailed proportion can be determined by grinding experiments.
At the same time, the size of the alumina grinding balls is also required. If the ratio is good, then the ball milling efficiency will be greatly improved. Generally, there are large, medium and small balls, and the better ratio between them can also be obtained through experiments.
The dry milling process may be used when the particle size of the powder is not required to be very fine or when the ball milled product is to be stored or sold in powder form. For example, in the production of cement, it is necessary to choose dry grinding instead of wet grinding, otherwise, it will be difficult to meet our needs.
Wet grinding is generally used in mineral processing, because the wet ball mill has the advantages of strong materials adaptability, continuous production, large grinding ratio, easy to adjust the fineness of the milled products, and it is widely used at present.
Since the dry and wet ball mill equipment has its own advantages, we must find out the suitable grinding type that the material is suitable for so that we can ensure quality and efficiency. Welcome to consult Fote company, where our professionals will give you a satisfactory answer based on your needs.
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wet pan mill gold mining - crushers, ball mills and flotation cells for mining and mineral beneficiation
CGN wet pan mill gold mining also called wet gold grinding machine is used for amalgamation gold extraction of sulfide-free gold mines and is suitable for operations in field areas without power supply by equipped with a diesel generator.
1. The Application of Wet Pan Mill gold mining
CGN wet pan mill also called wet gold grinding machine is used for amalgamation gold extraction of sulfide-free gold mines and is suitable for operations in field areas without power supply by equipped with a diesel generator. This machine, which has functions of crusher and ball mill, can crush the ores once for all in the purpose of gold extraction in amalgamation method.
3.Working principle of Wet Pan Mill
The diesel generator is responsible for power supply in operation. The reducer and the interlocked main shaft are driven via the belt to run the grinding wheel and grind the ores. When crushed to 0.05-1mm, the ores are added for mercury cycle operations. When extracting mercury cream, the machine should be stopped.
4. Principle of Amalgamation for gold
Amalgamation method is to extract gold particles in the ores. When crushed to 0.05-1mm grain size or more, most of the gold particles can be separated and drift in the water. The gold particles in 0.05mm-1mm grain size are surrounded by mercury, and compound reaction occurs to generate mercury paste of AuHg2, Au2Hg and Au3Hg, which is also known as gold amalgam. Since gold and silver are usually associated, there is silver in the mercury paste in addition to gold, and is separated from other metallic minerals. The amalgamation process takes place under the infiltration effect of water, gold and mercury. The recovery of gold depends on grinding size, cleanliness of gold particle, ore pulp concentration, temperature, and pH value. To save the consumption of mercury, the ores are usually ground to 0.05-1mm before added to mercury. The mercury per ton of ore depends on the grade of raw ores. 2% of lime should be added to reduce the viscosity of the ore pulp, the pH value of the ore pulp should be adjusted to PH8-9, and the concentration should be in 30%-40% for amalgamation operations. After amalgamation, water is added to dilute the ore pulp for mercury deposition and accumulation. The mercury paste can be recycled after the gold particles treated and removed.
6.Installation, Usage and Maintenance
1. The machine should be installed on a concrete foundation, placed on level and the anchor bolts should be tightened.
2. Operation steps: Shift the clutch handle to ON position to start the diesel generator. Engage the clutch to drive the host when the operation is normal, and feed materials and water for operation. Disconnect the clutch to stop the machine before cleaning up the mercury paste.
3. Add water, engine oil and diesel oil to the diesel generator on regular basis. See the instructions for details. Lubricate the clutch and upper bearing cover once and add engine oil into reducer once every 30 days.
4. The power section should be kept from sunlight and rain, and ore pulp infiltration to be avoided in operation.
ZJH mainly focus on producing and supply crushers, ore grinding equipment, mineral Beneficiation equipment, laboratory and pilot scale ore dressing equipment for Mining and Mineral Processing Industry. Our aim is to work together with Mines, Mineral Beneficiation Plantsfor helping to reduce the operating cost ,to improve the operating efficiency.
ball mill | ball mills | wet & dry grinding | dove
DOVE Ball Mills are supplied in a wide variety of capacities and specifications. DOVE small Ball Mills designed for laboratories ball milling process are supplied in 4 models, capacity range of (200g/h-1000 g/h). For small to large scale operations, DOVE Ball Mills are supplied in 17 models, capacity range of (0.3 TPH 80 TPH).
With over 50 years experience in Grinding Mill Machine fabrication, DOVE Ball Mills as critical component of DOVE Crushing plants are designed with highest quality of material for long life and minimum maintenance, to grind ores to 35 mesh or finer.
DOVE Grinding Mills are supplied in a wide range of capacities and specifications, for reliable and effective grinding, size reduction applications and for diverse applications of either dry or wet ore.
DOVE Ball Mills have extended history in the Mining and Mineral Processing Industry, Construction, Solid Waste Processing, Food Processing Industry, Chemical and Biochemical Industry, for Pyrotechnics and Ceramics.
DOVE Ball Mills are designed to operate with various types of grinding media, including Ball Mills Balls. DOVE supply Steel Balls in Various sizes and specifications. Cast Iron steel Balls, Forged grinding steel balls, High Chrome cast steel bars, with hardness of 60-68 HRC. We also supply Grinding Cylpebs with surface hard ness of 60-68 HRC, and grinding Rod with surface hardness of 55-60 HRC.
DOVE Ball Mills are made of high grade cast and carbon steel for extra strength, long and trouble-free operations. The inner lining plate designed with high manganese steel for long life and minimum wear off.
DOVE Ball Mill can be integrated in a Complete Plant designed by DOVE Engineering Services, provided for our Clients application and supplied with all components of the plant for efficient processing, smooth operation and efficient integration with the balance of the Processing Plant.
DOVE Ball mills, also known as Grinding mill, Mining mill, Pebble mill, Ball & Pebble mill, is an important machinery in the mining and various other industries, which would require grinding different material.
They are highly efficient Grinding mill machines, designed for grinding applications, where fine material is required. DOVE Ball Mills are used in supplied and applicable for wet and dry grinding applications within the following branches of industries:
DOVE ball mills is a rotating horizontal cylinder that tumbles the material to grind with a certain media. The standard media that we use in our ball milling process are the steel grinding balls, however depending on the specific application, we can configure the grinding mill with different media.
DOVE supplies various types and sizes of Ball Mill Balls, including; Cast Iron steel Balls, Forged grinding steel balls, High Chrome cast steel bars, with surface hardness of 60-68 HRC. DOVE Ball Mills achieves size reduction by impact and attrition. When the cylinder rotates, the balls are dragged to almost the top of the shell, and from there, they fall unto the material, which lead to the material breaking due to the impact.
DOVE Ball Mills are used in hard rock mineral processing plants as an ore-dressing step to grind the rocks into fine powder size, liberating the mineral particles from the rocks. This will ensure that the ore is well prepared for the next stage of processing and optimize the recovery of the minerals.
DOVE ball mill is integrated and used in DOVE Portable and Semi-Stationary Hard Rock plants (Hard Rock processing plants) to efficiently grind the ore from primary deposit until the liberation size of valuable minerals is reached. DOVE ball mill is the key grinding equipment after material is crushed. It is used to grind and blend bulk material into powder form using different sized balls. The working principle is simple, impact and attrition size reduction take place as the ball drops from near the top of the rotating hollow cylindrical shell of the Ball Mill. The output materials will be feed to the processing and recovery machines.
DOVE Ball Mills are deigned for either wet or dry grinding of materials, in various models, and in accordance to the processing and the crushing plant design, to cater to the liberation size of the minerals and the hardness of the ore.
DOVE supplies two different kinds of ball mills Grate type, and Overfall type. The difference between the two type is according to their ways of discharging material, and the plant flow design specifications.
The Grinding Balls will grind the material into powder size of 20 to 75 micron. In mining operations, this will allow for the liberation of gold and other precious metals that are hosted by the rocks. Many types of grinding media are suitable for use in a ball mill, each material having its own specific properties, specification and advantages.
Media Size: The grinding media particles should be substantially larger than the largest pieces of final material after grinding. The smaller the media particles, the smaller the particle size of the final product.
Composition: Each ball mill application has different requirements. Some of these requirements are relates to the grinding media being in the finished product, while others are based on how the media will react with the material being milled. Therefor, grinding media selection plays major factor on the final milled product.
Contamination: In certain grinding mill process, low contamination is important, the grinding media may be selected for ease of separation from the finished product, for example steel dust produced from steel balls can be magnetically separated from non-ferrous products. An alternative to separation is to use media of the same material as the product being milled.
Corrosive:Certain type of media, such as steel balls, may react with corrosive materials. For this reason, stainless steel balls, or ceramic balls, and flint grinding media may each be used when corrosive substances are present during grinding.
Our automatic production line for the grinding cylpebs is the unique. With stable quality, high production efficiency, high hardness, wear-resistant, the volumetric hardness of the grinding cylpebs is between 60-63HRC,the breakage is less than 0.5%. The organization of the grinding cylpebs is compact, the hardness is constant from the inner to the surface. Now has extensively used in the cement industry, the wear rate is about 30g-60g per Ton cement.
Grinding Cylpebs are made from low-alloy chilled cast iron. The molten metal leaves the furnace at approximately 1500 C and is transferred to a continuous casting machine where the selected size Cylpebs are created; by changing the moulds the full range of cylindrical media can be manufactured via one simple process. The Cylpebs are demoulded while still red hot and placed in a cooling section for several hours to relieve internal stress. Solidification takes place in seconds and is formed from the external surface inward to the centre of the media. It has been claimed that this manufacturing process contributes to the cost effectiveness of the media, by being more efficient and requiring less energy than the conventional forging method.
Because of their cylindrical geometry, Cylpebs have greater surface area and higher bulk density compared with balls of similar mass and size. Cylpebs of equal diameter and length have 14.5% greater surface area than balls of the same mass, and 9% higher bulk density than steel balls, or 12% higher than cast balls. As a result, for a given charge volume, about 25% more grinding media surface area is available for size reduction when charged with Cylpebs, but the mill would also draw more power.
ball mills | industry grinder for mineral processing - jxsc machine
Max Feeding size <25mm Discharge size0.075-0.4mm Typesoverflow ball mills, grate discharge ball mills Service 24hrs quotation, custom made parts, processing flow design & optimization, one year warranty, on-site installation.
Ball mill, also known as ball grinding machine, a well-known ore grinding machine, widely used in the mining, construction, aggregate application. JXSC start the ball mill business since 1985, supply globally service includes design, manufacturing, installation, and free operation training. Type according to the discharge type, overflow ball mill, grate discharge ball mill; according to the grinding conditions, wet milling, dry grinding; according to the ball mill media. Wet grinding gold, chrome, tin, coltan, tantalite, silica sand, lead, pebble, and the like mining application. Dry grinding cement, building stone, power, etc. Grinding media ball steel ball, manganese, chrome, ceramic ball, etc. Common steel ball sizes 40mm, 60mm, 80mm, 100mm, 120mm. Ball mill liner Natural rubber plate, manganese steel plate, 50-130mm custom thickness. Features 1. Effective grinding technology for diverse applications 2. Long life and minimum maintenance 3. Automatization 4. Working Continuously 5. Quality guarantee, safe operation, energy-saving. The ball grinding mill machine usually coordinates with other rock crusher machines, like jaw crusher, cone crusher, to reduce the ore particle into fine and superfine size. Ball mills grinding tasks can be done under dry or wet conditions. Get to know more details of rock crushers, ore grinders, contact us!
Ball mill parts feed, discharge, barrel, gear, motor, reducer, bearing, bearing seat, frame, liner plate, steel ball, etc. Contact our overseas office for buying ball mill components, wear parts, and your mine site visits. Ball mill working principle High energy ball milling is a type of powder grinding mill used to grind ores and other materials to 25 mesh or extremely fine powders, mainly used in the mineral processing industry, both in open or closed circuits. Ball milling is a grinding method that reduces the product into a controlled final grind and a uniform size, usually, the manganese, iron, steel balls or ceramic are used in the collision container. The ball milling process prepared by rod mill, sag mill (autogenous / semi autogenous grinding mill), jaw crusher, cone crusher, and other single or multistage crushing and screening. Ball mill manufacturer With more than 35 years of experience in grinding balls mill technology, JXSC design and produce heavy-duty scientific ball mill with long life minimum maintenance among industrial use, laboratory use. Besides, portable ball mills are designed for the mobile mineral processing plant. How much the ball mill, and how much invest a crushing plant? contact us today! Find more ball mill diagram at ball mill PDF ServiceBall mill design, Testing of the material, grinding circuit design, on site installation. The ball grinding mill machine usually coordinates with other rock crusher machines, like jaw crusher, cone crusher, get to know more details of rock crushers, ore grinders, contact us! sag mill vs ball mill, rod mill vs ball mill
How many types of ball mill 1. Based on the axial orientation a. Horizontal ball mill. It is the most common type supplied from ball mill manufacturers in China. Although the capacity, specification, and structure may vary from every supplier, they are basically shaped like a cylinder with a drum inside its chamber. As the name implies, it comes in a longer and thinner shape form that vertical ball mills. Most horizontal ball mills have timers that shut down automatically when the material is fully processed. b. Vertical ball mills are not very commonly used in industries owing to its capacity limitation and specific structure. Vertical roller mill comes in the form of an erect cylinder rather than a horizontal type like a detachable drum, that is the vertical grinding mill only produced base on custom requirements by vertical ball mill manufacturers. 2. Base on the loading capacity Ball mill manufacturers in China design different ball mill sizes to meet the customers from various sectors of the public administration, such as colleges and universities, metallurgical institutes, and mines. a. Industrial ball mills. They are applied in the manufacturing factories, where they need them to grind a huge amount of material into specific particles, and alway interlink with other equipment like feeder, vibrating screen. Such as ball mill for mining, ceramic industry, cement grinding. b. Planetary Ball Mills, small ball mill. They are intended for usage in the testing laboratory, usually come in the form of vertical structure, has a small chamber and small loading capacity. Ball mill for sale In all the ore mining beneficiation and concentrating processes, including gravity separation, chemical, froth flotation, the working principle is to prepare fine size ores by crushing and grinding often with rock crushers, rod mill, and ball mils for the subsequent treatment. Over a period of many years development, the fine grinding fineness have been reduced many times, and the ball mill machine has become the widest used grinding machine in various applications due to solid structure, and low operation cost. The ball miller machine is a tumbling mill that uses steel milling balls as the grinding media, applied in either primary grinding or secondary grinding applications. The feed can be dry or wet, as for dry materials process, the shell dustproof to minimize the dust pollution. Gear drive mill barrel tumbles iron or steel balls with the ore at a speed. Usually, the balls filling rate about 40%, the mill balls size are initially 3080 cm diameter but gradually wore away as the ore was ground. In general, ball mill grinder can be fed either wet or dry, the ball mill machine is classed by electric power rather than diameter and capacity. JXSC ball mill manufacturer has industrial ball mill and small ball mill for sale, power range 18.5-800KW. During the production process, the ball grinding machine may be called cement mill, limestone ball mill, sand mill, coal mill, pebble mill, rotary ball mill, wet grinding mill, etc. JXSC ball mills are designed for high capacity long service, good quality match Metso ball mill. Grinding media Grinding balls for mining usually adopt wet grinding ball mills, mostly manganese, steel, lead balls. Ceramic balls for ball mill often seen in the laboratory. Types of ball mill: wet grinding ball mill, dry grinding ball mill, horizontal ball mill, vibration mill, large ball mill, coal mill, stone mill grinder, tumbling ball mill, etc. The ball mill barrel is filled with powder and milling media, the powder can reduce the balls falling impact, but if the power too much that may cause balls to stick to the container side. Along with the rotational force, the crushing action mill the power, so, it is essential to ensure that there is enough space for media to tumble effectively. How does ball mill work The material fed into the drum through the hopper, motor drive cylinder rotates, causing grinding balls rises and falls follow the drum rotation direction, the grinding media be lifted to a certain height and then fall back into the cylinder and onto the material to be ground. The rotation speed is a key point related to the ball mill efficiency, rotation speed too great or too small, neither bring good grinding result. Based on experience, the rotat
ion is usually set between 4-20/minute, if the speed too great, may create centrifuge force thus the grinding balls stay with the mill perimeter and dont fall. In summary, it depends on the mill diameter, the larger the diameter, the slower the rotation (the suitable rotation speed adjusted before delivery). What is critical speed of ball mill? The critical speed of the ball mill is the speed at which the centrifugal force is equal to the gravity on the inner surface of the mill so that no ball falls from its position onto the mill shell. Ball mill machines usually operates at 65-75% of critical speed. What is the ball mill price? There are many factors affects the ball mill cost, for quicker quotations, kindly let me know the following basic information. (1) Application, what is the grinding material? (2) required capacity, feeding and discharge size (3) dry or wet grinding (4) single machine or complete processing plant, etc.
wet grid ball mill
Grid ball mill is widely used in smashing all kinds of ores and other materials, ore dressing and national economic departments like building and chemical industries etc. The size of ore shall not exceed 65mm and the best feed size is under 6mm. The effect in this job is better than coarse grinding. Grid ball mill consists of the shell, feeding part, discharging part, main bearing, lubricating system, driving system and other parts. There is wearing a liner inside the shell, and both ends of the shell are provided with a flange. The end cover of the mill is connected with the flange plate. The feeding part consists of the head, trunnion and feeding device. The discharge part includes the grid plate, head, and discharge trunnion.
Wet Grid ball mill is mainly used for mixing and grinding materials in two types: dry grinding and wet grinding .It has advantages of fineness uniformity and power saving. The machine uses different types of liner to meet different customer needs. The grinding fineness of material can be controlled by grinding time. The electro-hydraulic machine is auto-coupled and decompressed to reduce the starting current, and its structure is divided into integral type and independent type.
Compared with similar products,Wet Grid ball mill has the characteristics of low investment, low energy consumption, novel structure, simple operation, stable and reliable performance. It is suitable for mixing and grinding ordinary and special materials. The users can choose the right type, liner and medium type by considering the specific gravity, hardness, yield and other factors. The grinding medium is Wet Grid ball.
1.The ball mill is composed of a horizontal cylinder, a hollow shaft for feeding and discharging, and a grinding head. The main body is a long cylinder made of steel. The cylinder is provided with an abrasive body, and the steel lining plate is fixed to the cylinder body. The grinding body is generally a steel ball and is loaded into the cylinder according to different diameters and a certain proportion, and the grinding body can also be used with a steel section.
2.According to the particle size of the grinding material, the material is loaded into the cylinder by the hollow shaft of the wet grid ball mill feeding end. When the ball mill cylinder rotates, the grinding body acts on the cylinder liner due to the action of inertia and centrifugal force and friction. It is carried away by the cylinder. When it is brought to a certain height, it is thrown off due to its own gravity. The falling abrasive body crushes the material in the cylinder like a projectile.
3.The material is uniformly fed into the first chamber of the mill by the feeding device through the hollow shaft of the feeding material. The chamber has a step liner or a corrugated liner, and various steel balls are loaded therein. The rotation of the cylinder generates centrifugal force to bring the steel ball to a certain extent. The height drops and then hits and grinds the material. After the material reaches the rough grinding in the first bin, it enters the second bin through the single-layer partition plate. The bin is embedded with a flat liner with steel balls inside to further grind the material. The powder is discharged through the discharge raft to complete the grinding operation.
The main function of the steel ball in the ball mill is to impact crush the material and also play a certain grinding effect. Therefore, the purpose of grading steel balls is to meet the requirements of these two aspects. The quality of the crushing effect directly affects the grinding efficiency, and ultimately affects the output of the ball mill. Whether the crushing requirement can be achieved depends on whether the grading of the steel ball is reasonable, mainly including the size of the steel ball, the number of ball diameters, and the ball of various specifications. Proportion and so on.
The ball mill is composed of the main part such as a feeding part, a discharging part, a turning part, a transmission part (a reduction gear, a small transmission gear, a motor, and electric control). The hollow shaft is made of cast steel, the inner lining can be replaced, the rotary large gear is processed by casting hobbing, and the barrel is embedded with wear-resistant lining, which has good wear resistance. The machine runs smoothly and works reliably.